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Physical Review Special Topics - Physics Education Research
written by A. Lynn Stephens and John J. Clement
We describe a methodology for identifying evidence for the use of three types of scientific reasoning. In two case studies of high school physics classes, we used this methodology to identify multiple instances of students using analogies, extreme cases, and Gedanken experiments. Previous case studies of expert scientists have indicated that these processes can be central during scientific model construction; here we code for their spontaneous use by students. We document evidence for numerous instances of these forms of reasoning in these classes. Most of these instances were associated with motion- and force-indicating depictive gestures, which we take as one kind of evidence for the use of animated mental imagery. Altogether, this methodology shows promise for use in highlighting the role of nonformal reasoning in student learning and for investigating the possible association of animated mental imagery with scientific reasoning processes.
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Subjects ADS Supplements Resource Types
Education - Basic Research
- Cognition
- Communication
- Learning Theory
= Cognitive Modeling
- Problem Solving
= Expert-Novice Comparisons
- Research Design & Methodology
General Physics
- Scientific Reasoning
- Reference Material
= Research study
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Format:
application/pdf
Mirror:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev…
Access Rights:
Free access
License:
This material is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license.
Rights Holder:
American Physical Society
DOI:
10.1103/PhysRevSTPER.6.020122
NSF Number:
0231808
PACSs:
01.40.Fk
01.40.Ha
01.40.ek
Keywords:
Expert-Novice, Scientific Reasoning
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created February 27, 2011 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
May 21, 2012 by Vince Kuo
Last Update
when Cataloged:
November 24, 2010
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Record Link
AIP Format
A. Stephens and J. Clement, Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res. 6 (2), 020122 (2010), WWW Document, (http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=10743&DocID=2812).
AJP/PRST-PER
A. Stephens and J. Clement, Documenting the use of expert scientific reasoning processes by high school physics students Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res. 6 (2), 020122 (2010), <http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=10743&DocID=2812>.
APA Format
Stephens, A., & Clement, J. (2010, November 24). Documenting the use of expert scientific reasoning processes by high school physics students. Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res., 6(2), 020122. Retrieved April 23, 2014, from http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=10743&DocID=2812
Chicago Format
Stephens, A. Lynn, and John Clement. "Documenting the use of expert scientific reasoning processes by high school physics students." Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res. 6, no. 2, (November 24, 2010): 020122, http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=10743&DocID=2812 (accessed 23 April 2014).
MLA Format
Stephens, A. Lynn, and John Clement. "Documenting the use of expert scientific reasoning processes by high school physics students." Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res. 6.2 (2010): 020122. 23 Apr. 2014 <http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=10743&DocID=2812>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "A. Lynn Stephens and John Clement", Title = {Documenting the use of expert scientific reasoning processes by high school physics students}, Journal = {Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res.}, Volume = {6}, Number = {2}, Pages = {020122}, Month = {November}, Year = {2010} }
Refer Export Format

%A A. Lynn Stephens
%A John Clement
%T Documenting the use of expert scientific reasoning processes by high school physics students
%J Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res.
%V 6
%N 2
%D November 24, 2010
%P 020122
%U http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=10743&DocID=2812
%O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article
%A Stephens, A. Lynn
%A Clement, John
%D November 24, 2010
%T Documenting the use of expert scientific reasoning processes by high school physics students
%J Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res.
%V 6
%N 2
%P 020122
%8 November 24, 2010
%U http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=10743&DocID=2812


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The AIP Style presented is based on information from the AIP Style Manual.

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