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American Journal of Physics
written by Shannon D. Willoughby and Anneke Metz
To investigate differences in learning gains by gender, we collected data in large introductory astronomy and biology courses. Male astronomy students had significantly higher pre- and post-test scores than female students on the astronomy diagnostic test. Male students also had significantly higher pretest and somewhat higher post-test scores than female students on a survey instrument designed for an introductory biology course. For both courses, males had higher learning gains than female students only when the normalized gain measure was utilized. No differences were found with any other measures, including other gain calculations, overall course grades, or individual exams. Implications for using different learning gain measures in science classrooms, as well as for research on learning differences by gender are discussed.
American Journal of Physics: Volume 77, Issue 7, Pages 651-657
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Astronomy
- Astronomy Education
= Education Research
Education - Basic Research
- Assessment
= Methods
- Research Design & Methodology
= Statistics
= Validity
Other Sciences
- Life Sciences
- Lower Undergraduate
- Graduate/Professional
- Reference Material
= Research study
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© 2009 American Association of Physics Teachers
DOI:
10.1119/1.3133087
PACS:
01.40.Fk
Keywords:
Astronomy, Biology, Gender Differences
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created May 16, 2012 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
May 21, 2012 by Vince Kuo
Last Update
when Cataloged:
July 1, 2009
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Record Link
AIP Format
S. Willoughby and A. Metz, , Am. J. Phys. 77 (7), 651 (2009), WWW Document, (https://doi.org/10.1119/1.3133087).
AJP/PRST-PER
S. Willoughby and A. Metz, Exploring gender differences with different gain calculations in astronomy and biology, Am. J. Phys. 77 (7), 651 (2009), <https://doi.org/10.1119/1.3133087>.
APA Format
Willoughby, S., & Metz, A. (2009, July 1). Exploring gender differences with different gain calculations in astronomy and biology. Am. J. Phys., 77(7), 651-657. Retrieved July 24, 2024, from https://doi.org/10.1119/1.3133087
Chicago Format
Willoughby, Shannon, and Anneke Metz. "Exploring gender differences with different gain calculations in astronomy and biology." Am. J. Phys. 77, no. 7, (July 1, 2009): 651-657, https://doi.org/10.1119/1.3133087 (accessed 24 July 2024).
MLA Format
Willoughby, Shannon, and Anneke Metz. "Exploring gender differences with different gain calculations in astronomy and biology." Am. J. Phys. 77.7 (2009): 651-657. 24 July 2024 <https://doi.org/10.1119/1.3133087>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Shannon Willoughby and Anneke Metz", Title = {Exploring gender differences with different gain calculations in astronomy and biology}, Journal = {Am. J. Phys.}, Volume = {77}, Number = {7}, Pages = {651-657}, Month = {July}, Year = {2009} }
Refer Export Format

%A Shannon Willoughby %A Anneke Metz %T Exploring gender differences with different gain calculations in astronomy and biology %J Am. J. Phys. %V 77 %N 7 %D July 1, 2009 %P 651-657 %U https://doi.org/10.1119/1.3133087 %O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article %A Willoughby, Shannon %A Metz, Anneke %D July 1, 2009 %T Exploring gender differences with different gain calculations in astronomy and biology %J Am. J. Phys. %V 77 %N 7 %P 651-657 %8 July 1, 2009 %U https://doi.org/10.1119/1.3133087


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