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CBE-Life Sciences Education
written by Travis Lund, Matthew Pilarz, Jonathan Velasco, Devasmita Chakraverty, Kaitlyn Rosploch, Molly Undersander, and Marilyne Stains
Researchers, university administrators, and faculty members are increasingly interested in measuring and describing instructional practices provided in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) courses at the college level. Specifically, there is keen interest in comparing instructional practices between courses, monitoring changes over time, and mapping observed practices to research-based teaching. While increasingly common observation protocols (Reformed Teaching Observation Protocol [RTOP] and Classroom Observation Protocol in Undergraduate STEM [COPUS]) at the postsecondary level help achieve some of these goals, they also suffer from weaknesses that limit their applicability. In this study, we leverage the strengths of these protocols to provide an easy method that enables the reliable and valid characterization of instructional practices. This method was developed empirically via a cluster analysis using observations of 269 individual class periods, corresponding to 73 different faculty members, 28 different research-intensive institutions, and various STEM disciplines. Ten clusters, called COPUS profiles, emerged from this analysis; they represent the most common types of instructional practices enacted in the classrooms observed for this study. RTOP scores were used to validate the alignment of the 10 COPUS profiles with reformed teaching. Herein, we present a detailed description of the cluster analysis method, the COPUS profiles, and the distribution of the COPUS profiles across various STEM courses at research-intensive universities.
CBE-Life Sciences Education: Volume 14, Issue 2
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Basic Research
- Assessment
= Instruments
- Sample Population
= Instructor: Faculty
- Teacher Characteristics
- Lower Undergraduate
- Graduate/Professional
- Upper Undergraduate
- Reference Material
= Article
= Research study
PER-Central Type Intended Users Ratings
- PER Literature
- Researchers
- Administrators
- Educators
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License:
This material is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 license.
Rights Holder:
T.J. Lund et al., and American Society for Cell Biology
Keywords:
reformed teaching, teaching observation
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created July 10, 2018 by Bruce Mason
Record Updated:
July 10, 2018 by Bruce Mason
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Record Link
AIP Format
T. Lund, M. Pilarz, J. Velasco, D. Chakraverty, K. Rosploch, M. Undersander, and M. Stains, CBE Life. Sci. Educ. 14 (2), (2017), WWW Document, (https://doi.org/10.1187/cbe.14-10-0168).
AJP/PRST-PER
T. Lund, M. Pilarz, J. Velasco, D. Chakraverty, K. Rosploch, M. Undersander, and M. Stains, The Best of Both Worlds: Building on the COPUS and RTOP Observation Protocols to Easily and Reliably Measure Various Levels of Reformed Instructional Practice, CBE Life. Sci. Educ. 14 (2), (2017), <https://doi.org/10.1187/cbe.14-10-0168>.
APA Format
Lund, T., Pilarz, M., Velasco, J., Chakraverty, D., Rosploch, K., Undersander, M., & Stains, M. (2017). The Best of Both Worlds: Building on the COPUS and RTOP Observation Protocols to Easily and Reliably Measure Various Levels of Reformed Instructional Practice. CBE Life. Sci. Educ., 14(2). Retrieved May 28, 2020, from https://doi.org/10.1187/cbe.14-10-0168
Chicago Format
Lund, T, M. Pilarz, J. Velasco, D. Chakraverty, K. Rosploch, M. Undersander, and M. Stains. "The Best of Both Worlds: Building on the COPUS and RTOP Observation Protocols to Easily and Reliably Measure Various Levels of Reformed Instructional Practice." CBE Life. Sci. Educ. 14, no. 2, (2017), https://doi.org/10.1187/cbe.14-10-0168 (accessed 28 May 2020).
MLA Format
Lund, Travis, Matthew Pilarz, Jonathan Velasco, Devasmita Chakraverty, Kaitlyn Rosploch, Molly Undersander, and Marilyne Stains. "The Best of Both Worlds: Building on the COPUS and RTOP Observation Protocols to Easily and Reliably Measure Various Levels of Reformed Instructional Practice." CBE Life. Sci. Educ. 14.2 (2017). 28 May 2020 <https://doi.org/10.1187/cbe.14-10-0168>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Travis Lund and Matthew Pilarz and Jonathan Velasco and Devasmita Chakraverty and Kaitlyn Rosploch and Molly Undersander and Marilyne Stains", Title = {The Best of Both Worlds: Building on the COPUS and RTOP Observation Protocols to Easily and Reliably Measure Various Levels of Reformed Instructional Practice}, Journal = {CBE Life. Sci. Educ.}, Volume = {14}, Number = {2}, Year = {2017} }
Refer Export Format

%A Travis Lund
%A Matthew Pilarz
%A Jonathan Velasco
%A Devasmita Chakraverty
%A Kaitlyn Rosploch
%A Molly Undersander
%A Marilyne Stains
%T The Best of Both Worlds: Building on the COPUS and RTOP Observation Protocols to Easily and Reliably Measure Various Levels of Reformed Instructional Practice
%J CBE Life. Sci. Educ.
%V 14
%N 2
%D 2017
%U https://doi.org/10.1187/cbe.14-10-0168
%O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article
%A Lund, Travis
%A Pilarz, Matthew
%A Velasco, Jonathan
%A Chakraverty, Devasmita
%A Rosploch, Kaitlyn
%A Undersander, Molly
%A Stains, Marilyne
%D 2017
%T The Best of Both Worlds: Building on the COPUS and RTOP Observation Protocols to Easily and Reliably Measure Various Levels of Reformed Instructional Practice
%J CBE Life. Sci. Educ.
%V 14
%N 2
%U https://doi.org/10.1187/cbe.14-10-0168


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