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written by Marilyn Carlson, Bernard Madison, and Richard D. West
The Calculus Concept Readiness (CCR) instrument assesses foundational understandings and reasoning abilities that have been documented to be essential for learning calculus. The CCR Taxonomy describes the understandings and reasoning abilities assessed by CCR. The CCR is a 25-item multiple-choice instrument that can be used as a placement test for entry into calculus and to assess the effectiveness of precalculus level instruction. Results from administering the CCR to first semester calculus students at the beginning of the semester revealed severe weaknesses in students' foundational knowledge and reasoning abilities for learning calculus. Correlating CCR results with course grades revealed that students with higher CCR scores are better prepared to succeed in beginning calculus. The CCR data further identified specific ways of thinking and concepts for which precalculus instruction could be improved to influence student learning and preparation for calculus.
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Basic Research
- Assessment
= Conceptual Assessment
= Instruments
Mathematical Tools
- Calculus
- Lower Undergraduate
- Reference Material
= Article
PER-Central Type Intended Users Ratings
- PER Literature
- Educators
- Professional/Practitioners
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Format:
application/pdf
Access Rights:
Free access
Restriction:
© 2015 Springer Nature Switzerland AG
DOI:
10.1007/s40753-015-0013-y
NSF Number:
1122965
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created November 21, 2019 by Sam McKagan
Record Updated:
November 21, 2019 by Sam McKagan
Last Update
when Cataloged:
September 16, 2015
ComPADRE is beta testing Citation Styles!

Record Link
AIP Format
M. Carlson, B. Madison, and R. West, Int. J. Res. Undergrad. Math. Educ. 1 (2), 209 (2015), WWW Document, (https://doi.org/10.1007/s40753-015-0013-y).
AJP/PRST-PER
M. Carlson, B. Madison, and R. West, A Study of Students’ Readiness to Learn Calculus, Int. J. Res. Undergrad. Math. Educ. 1 (2), 209 (2015), <https://doi.org/10.1007/s40753-015-0013-y>.
APA Format
Carlson, M., Madison, B., & West, R. (2015, September 16). A Study of Students’ Readiness to Learn Calculus. Int. J. Res. Undergrad. Math. Educ., 1(2), 209-233. Retrieved December 13, 2019, from https://doi.org/10.1007/s40753-015-0013-y
Chicago Format
Carlson, M, B. Madison, and R. West. "A Study of Students’ Readiness to Learn Calculus." Int. J. Res. Undergrad. Math. Educ. 1, no. 2, (September 16, 2015): 209-233, https://doi.org/10.1007/s40753-015-0013-y (accessed 13 December 2019).
MLA Format
Carlson, Marilyn, Bernard Madison, and Richard D. West. "A Study of Students’ Readiness to Learn Calculus." Int. J. Res. Undergrad. Math. Educ. 1.2 (2015): 209-233. 13 Dec. 2019 <https://doi.org/10.1007/s40753-015-0013-y>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Marilyn Carlson and Bernard Madison and Richard D. West", Title = {A Study of Students’ Readiness to Learn Calculus}, Journal = {Int. J. Res. Undergrad. Math. Educ.}, Volume = {1}, Number = {2}, Pages = {209-233}, Month = {September}, Year = {2015} }
Refer Export Format

%A Marilyn Carlson
%A Bernard Madison
%A Richard D. West
%T A Study of Students' Readiness to Learn Calculus
%J Int. J. Res. Undergrad. Math. Educ.
%V 1
%N 2
%D September 16, 2015
%P 209-233
%U https://doi.org/10.1007/s40753-015-0013-y
%O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article
%A Carlson, Marilyn
%A Madison, Bernard
%A West, Richard D.
%D September 16, 2015
%T A Study of Students' Readiness to Learn Calculus
%J Int. J. Res. Undergrad. Math. Educ.
%V 1
%N 2
%P 209-233
%8 September 16, 2015
%U https://doi.org/10.1007/s40753-015-0013-y


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The AIP Style presented is based on information from the AIP Style Manual.

The AJP/PRST-PER presented is based on the AIP Style with the addition of journal article titles and conference proceeding article titles.

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The Chicago Style presented is based on information from Examples of Chicago-Style Documentation.

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