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Centering and marginalization in introductory university physics courses
written by Rachel E. Scherr, W. Tali Hairston, and Sarah B. McKagan
Research-based instructional strategies in physics promote active participation in collaborative activities as a primary means for students to construct understanding. This emphasis is in line with situated learning theory, in which learning is indicated by a student's increasing centrality in a community. In both perspectives, to learn more is to engage more centrally: to start discussions, conduct experiments, write on the board, decide when a question has been answered, and so on. In a study of small-group collaborative learning activities in introductory physics classrooms at three different universities, we observe that as students engage with one another and with instructors, they are not only negotiating physics concepts, but also negotiating social positioning. Some students are centered (and their contributions are valued), while others are marginalized (and their contributions are neglected). The aim of this research is to become conscious of how centering and marginalization shape the way physics is taught and learned.
Physics Education Research Conference 2020
Part of the PER Conference series
Virtual Conference: July 22-23, 2020
Pages 472-477
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Applied Research
- Active Learning
= Cooperative Learning
Education - Basic Research
- Behavior
= Social Interaction
- Societal Issues
= Cultural Issues
= Gender Issues
= Race Issues
- Lower Undergraduate
- Reference Material
= Research study
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- PER Literature
- Researchers
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Format:
application/pdf
Mirror:
https://doi.org/10.1119/perc.2020…
Access Rights:
Free access
License:
This material is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the published article's author(s), title, proceedings citation, and DOI.
Rights Holder:
American Association of Physics Teachers
DOI:
10.1119/perc.2020.pr.Scherr
NSF Number:
1760761
Keyword:
PERC 2020
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created August 27, 2020 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
August 30, 2020 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
September 1, 2020
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Record Link
AIP Format
R. Scherr, W. Hairston, and S. McKagan, presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2020, Virtual Conference, 2020, WWW Document, (https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15528&DocID=5376).
AJP/PRST-PER
R. Scherr, W. Hairston, and S. McKagan, Centering and marginalization in introductory university physics courses, presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2020, Virtual Conference, 2020, <https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15528&DocID=5376>.
APA Format
Scherr, R., Hairston, W., & McKagan, S. (2020, July 22-23). Centering and marginalization in introductory university physics courses. Paper presented at Physics Education Research Conference 2020, Virtual Conference. Retrieved March 1, 2021, from https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15528&DocID=5376
Chicago Format
Scherr, R, W. Hairston, and S. McKagan. "Centering and marginalization in introductory university physics courses." Paper presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2020, Virtual Conference, July 22-23, 2020. https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15528&DocID=5376 (accessed 1 March 2021).
MLA Format
Scherr, Rachel, W. Tali Hairston, and Sarah B. McKagan. "Centering and marginalization in introductory university physics courses." Physics Education Research Conference 2020. Virtual Conference: 2020. 472-477 of PER Conference. 1 Mar. 2021 <https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15528&DocID=5376>.
BibTeX Export Format
@inproceedings{ Author = "Rachel Scherr and W. Tali Hairston and Sarah B. McKagan", Title = {Centering and marginalization in introductory university physics courses}, BookTitle = {Physics Education Research Conference 2020}, Pages = {472-477}, Address = {Virtual Conference}, Series = {PER Conference}, Month = {July 22-23}, Year = {2020} }
Refer Export Format

%A Rachel Scherr
%A W. Tali Hairston
%A Sarah B. McKagan
%T Centering and marginalization in introductory university physics courses
%S PER Conference
%D July 22-23 2020
%P 472-477
%C Virtual Conference
%U https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15528&DocID=5376
%O Physics Education Research Conference 2020
%O July 22-23
%O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Conference Proceedings
%A Scherr, Rachel
%A Hairston, W. Tali
%A McKagan, Sarah B.
%D July 22-23 2020
%T Centering and marginalization in introductory university physics courses
%B Physics Education Research Conference 2020
%C Virtual Conference
%P 472-477
%S PER Conference
%8 July 22-23
%U https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15528&DocID=5376


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