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Bias on the Force Concept Inventory across the intersection of gender and race
written by John B. Buncher, Jayson M. Nissen, Ben Van Dusen, Robert M. Talbot III, and Hannah Huvard
Education researchers often compare performance across race and gender on research-based assessments of physics knowledge to investigate the impacts of racism and sexism on physics student learning. These investigations' claims rely on research-based assessments providing reliable, unbiased measures of student knowledge across social identity groups. We used classical test theory and differential item functioning (DIF) analysis to examine whether the items on the Force Concept Inventory (FCI) provided unbiased data across social identifiers for race, gender, and their intersections. The data was accessed through the Learning About STEM Student Outcomes platform and included responses from 4,848 students posttests in 152 calculus-based introductory physics courses from 16 institutions. The results indicated that the majority of items (22) on the FCI were biased towards a group. These results point to the need for instrument validation to account for item bias and the identification or development of fair research-based assessments.
Physics Education Research Conference 2021
Part of the PER Conference series
Virtual Conference: August 4-5, 2021
Pages 69-74
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Basic Research
- Assessment
= Conceptual Assessment
= Instruments
= Methods
- Research Design & Methodology
= Statistics
= Validity
- Lower Undergraduate
- Reference Material
= Research study
PER-Central Type Intended Users Ratings
- PER Literature
- Researchers
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Format:
application/pdf
Mirror:
https://doi.org/10.1119/perc.2021…
Access Rights:
Free access
License:
This material is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the published article's author(s), title, proceedings citation, and DOI.
Rights Holder:
American Association of Physics Teachers
DOI:
10.1119/perc.2021.pr.Buncher
NSF Number:
1928596
Keyword:
PERC 2021
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created September 28, 2021 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
September 28, 2021 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
October 10, 2021
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Record Link
AIP Format
J. Buncher, J. Nissen, B. Van Dusen, R. Talbot, and H. Huvard, , presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2021, Virtual Conference, 2021, WWW Document, (https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15727&DocID=5461).
AJP/PRST-PER
J. Buncher, J. Nissen, B. Van Dusen, R. Talbot, and H. Huvard, Bias on the Force Concept Inventory across the intersection of gender and race, presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2021, Virtual Conference, 2021, <https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15727&DocID=5461>.
APA Format
Buncher, J., Nissen, J., Van Dusen, B., Talbot, R., & Huvard, H. (2021, August 4-5). Bias on the Force Concept Inventory across the intersection of gender and race. Paper presented at Physics Education Research Conference 2021, Virtual Conference. Retrieved November 26, 2022, from https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15727&DocID=5461
Chicago Format
Buncher, J, J. Nissen, B. Van Dusen, R. Talbot, and H. Huvard. "Bias on the Force Concept Inventory across the intersection of gender and race." Paper presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2021, Virtual Conference, August 4-5, 2021. https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15727&DocID=5461 (accessed 26 November 2022).
MLA Format
Buncher, John, Jayson Nissen, Ben Van Dusen, Robert Talbot, and Hannah Huvard. "Bias on the Force Concept Inventory across the intersection of gender and race." Physics Education Research Conference 2021. Virtual Conference: 2021. 69-74 of PER Conference. 26 Nov. 2022 <https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15727&DocID=5461>.
BibTeX Export Format
@inproceedings{ Author = "John Buncher and Jayson Nissen and Ben Van Dusen and Robert Talbot and Hannah Huvard", Title = {Bias on the Force Concept Inventory across the intersection of gender and race}, BookTitle = {Physics Education Research Conference 2021}, Pages = {69-74}, Address = {Virtual Conference}, Series = {PER Conference}, Month = {August 4-5}, Year = {2021} }
Refer Export Format

%A John Buncher %A Jayson Nissen %A Ben Van Dusen %A Robert Talbot %A Hannah Huvard %T Bias on the Force Concept Inventory across the intersection of gender and race %S PER Conference %D August 4-5 2021 %P 69-74 %C Virtual Conference %U https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15727&DocID=5461 %O Physics Education Research Conference 2021 %O August 4-5 %O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Conference Proceedings %A Buncher, John %A Nissen, Jayson %A Van Dusen, Ben %A Talbot, Robert %A Huvard, Hannah %D August 4-5 2021 %T Bias on the Force Concept Inventory across the intersection of gender and race %B Physics Education Research Conference 2021 %C Virtual Conference %P 69-74 %S PER Conference %8 August 4-5 %U https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15727&DocID=5461


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The AIP Style presented is based on information from the AIP Style Manual.

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