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Societal Educational Debts Due to Racism and Sexism in Calculus-based Electricity and Magnetism Courses
written by Jayson M. Nissen and Ben Van Dusen
The American Physical Society calls on its members to improve the diversity of physics by supporting an inclusive culture that encourages women and Black, Indigenous, and people of color to become physicists. Introductory physics courses provide opportunities for recruiting and retaining diverse students or enacting policies and cultural practices that disproportionately harm students from minoritized groups. Introductory calculus-based electricity and magnetism courses have received far less attention from researchers than introductory mechanics courses. To better understand the role introductory electricity and magnetism courses play in the lack of diversity in physics, we investigated the intersecting relationships between racism and sexism in inequities in student conceptual knowledge using a quantitative critical framework. The analyses used Bayesian hierarchical linear models to examine students' conceptual knowledge as measured by the Conceptual Survey of Electricity and Magnetism. The data came from the LASSO database and included 3,686 students from 83 calculus-based courses at 16 institutions. The model indicated society owed educational debts in conceptual knowledge due to racism, sexism, or both to Black, Hispanic, Asian, and White Hispanic students and White women. Of these groups, society owed the largest educational debts to Black students. The courses, of which almost all used collaborative instruction (81 of 83) supported by learning assistants (66 of 83), added to the educational debts owed to Black students, maintained the debts owed to Hispanic and White Hispanic students and White women, and mitigated the debts owed to Asian students.
Physics Education Research Conference 2021
Part of the PER Conference series
Virtual Conference: August 4-5, 2021
Pages 301-308
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Basic Research
- Assessment
= Conceptual Assessment
- Sample Population
= Ethnicity or Race
= Gender
- Societal Issues
= Gender Issues
= Race Issues
- Lower Undergraduate
- Reference Material
= Research study
PER-Central Type Levels Ratings
- PER Literature
- Lower Undergraduate
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Intended User:
Researcher
Format:
application/pdf
Mirror:
https://doi.org/10.1119/perc.2021…
Access Rights:
Free access
License:
This material is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the published article's author(s), title, proceedings citation, and DOI.
Rights Holder:
American Association of Physics Teachers
DOI:
10.1119/perc.2021.pr.Nissen
NSF Number:
1928596
Keyword:
PERC 2021
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created October 1, 2021 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
October 1, 2021 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
October 10, 2021
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Record Link
AIP Format
J. Nissen and B. Van Dusen, , presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2021, Virtual Conference, 2021, WWW Document, (https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15768&DocID=5500).
AJP/PRST-PER
J. Nissen and B. Van Dusen, Societal Educational Debts Due to Racism and Sexism in Calculus-based Electricity and Magnetism Courses, presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2021, Virtual Conference, 2021, <https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15768&DocID=5500>.
APA Format
Nissen, J., & Van Dusen, B. (2021, August 4-5). Societal Educational Debts Due to Racism and Sexism in Calculus-based Electricity and Magnetism Courses. Paper presented at Physics Education Research Conference 2021, Virtual Conference. Retrieved December 5, 2022, from https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15768&DocID=5500
Chicago Format
Nissen, Jayson, and Ben Van Dusen. "Societal Educational Debts Due to Racism and Sexism in Calculus-based Electricity and Magnetism Courses." Paper presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2021, Virtual Conference, August 4-5, 2021. https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15768&DocID=5500 (accessed 5 December 2022).
MLA Format
Nissen, Jayson, and Ben Van Dusen. "Societal Educational Debts Due to Racism and Sexism in Calculus-based Electricity and Magnetism Courses." Physics Education Research Conference 2021. Virtual Conference: 2021. 301-308 of PER Conference. 5 Dec. 2022 <https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15768&DocID=5500>.
BibTeX Export Format
@inproceedings{ Author = "Jayson Nissen and Ben Van Dusen", Title = {Societal Educational Debts Due to Racism and Sexism in Calculus-based Electricity and Magnetism Courses}, BookTitle = {Physics Education Research Conference 2021}, Pages = {301-308}, Address = {Virtual Conference}, Series = {PER Conference}, Month = {August 4-5}, Year = {2021} }
Refer Export Format

%A Jayson Nissen %A Ben Van Dusen %T Societal Educational Debts Due to Racism and Sexism in Calculus-based Electricity and Magnetism Courses %S PER Conference %D August 4-5 2021 %P 301-308 %C Virtual Conference %U https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15768&DocID=5500 %O Physics Education Research Conference 2021 %O August 4-5 %O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Conference Proceedings %A Nissen, Jayson %A Van Dusen, Ben %D August 4-5 2021 %T Societal Educational Debts Due to Racism and Sexism in Calculus-based Electricity and Magnetism Courses %B Physics Education Research Conference 2021 %C Virtual Conference %P 301-308 %S PER Conference %8 August 4-5 %U https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15768&DocID=5500


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