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Physical Review Physics Education Research
written by Lana Ivanjek, Louisa Morris, Thomas Schubatzky, Martin Hopf, Jan-Philipp Burde, Claudia Haagen-Schützenhöfer, Liza Dopatka, Verena Spatz, and Thomas Wilhelm
This article reports the development of a two-tier simple electric circuits test (2T-SEC Test). Simple electric circuits are introduced to students early in their school years and are an important part of the physics curriculum all the way to the university level. However, many students do not develop an adequate conceptual understanding of simple electric circuits and especially of electrical voltage. For this reason, six physics education research groups from Germany and Austria started a large study to evaluate and improve middle-school students' conceptual understanding of simple electric circuits. As a first step, we developed the test instrument presented in this article. First, nine semi-structured interviews were conducted with middle-school students in Austria. The interviews were transcribed, analyzed and (common) student difficulties with simple electric circuits were identified. Second, based on the results from the interviews and previous research on this topic, an instrument consisting of 25 two-tier multiple-choice items was developed and administered to N=1568 middle-school students in Austria and Germany. Third, the data were evaluated using Rasch analysis. The item reliability of the test was 0.99, while the person reliability of paired scoring was 0.62 and the reliability of separate scoring was 0.75. The average difficulties of the main concepts regarding simple electric circuits (open and closed circuits, electric current, resistance, series and parallel circuits, and electrical voltage) were calculated and compared. The analysis suggests that the concept of voltage is most difficult for students while distinguishing between open and closed circuits is the easiest.
Physical Review Physics Education Research: Volume 17, Issue 2, Pages 020123
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Basic Research
- Achievement
- Alternative Conceptions
- Assessment
= Conceptual Assessment
- Sample Population
= Age
Electricity & Magnetism
- DC Circuits
General Physics
- Physics Education Research
- Middle School
- Reference Material
= Research study
PER-Central Type Intended Users Ratings
- PER Literature
- Researchers
- Administrators
- Educators
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Free access
License:
This material is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license.
Rights Holder:
American Physical Society
DOI:
10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020123
Keywords:
electric circuits, electrical voltage, electricity conceptual understanding, middle school, middle school concept inventory, pre-high school, voltage misconception
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created November 10, 2021 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
January 25, 2022 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
September 24, 2021
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AIP Format
L. Ivanjek, L. Morris, T. Schubatzky, M. Hopf, J. Burde, C. Haagen-Schützenhöfer, L. Dopatka, V. Spatz, and T. Wilhelm, , Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17 (2), 020123 (2021), WWW Document, (https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020123).
AJP/PRST-PER
L. Ivanjek, L. Morris, T. Schubatzky, M. Hopf, J. Burde, C. Haagen-Schützenhöfer, L. Dopatka, V. Spatz, and T. Wilhelm, Development of a two-tier instrument on simple electric circuits, Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17 (2), 020123 (2021), <https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020123>.
APA Format
Ivanjek, L., Morris, L., Schubatzky, T., Hopf, M., Burde, J., Haagen-Schützenhöfer, C., Dopatka, L., Spatz, V., & Wilhelm, T. (2021, September 24). Development of a two-tier instrument on simple electric circuits. Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res., 17(2), 020123. Retrieved February 22, 2024, from https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020123
Chicago Format
Ivanjek, L, L. Morris, T. Schubatzky, M. Hopf, J. Burde, C. Haagen-Schützenhöfer, L. Dopatka, V. Spatz, and T. Wilhelm. "Development of a two-tier instrument on simple electric circuits." Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17, no. 2, (September 24, 2021): 020123, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020123 (accessed 22 February 2024).
MLA Format
Ivanjek, Lana, Louisa Morris, Thomas Schubatzky, Martin Hopf, Jan-Philipp Burde, Claudia Haagen-Schützenhöfer, Liza Dopatka, Verena Spatz, and Thomas Wilhelm. "Development of a two-tier instrument on simple electric circuits." Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17.2 (2021): 020123. 22 Feb. 2024 <https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020123>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Lana Ivanjek and Louisa Morris and Thomas Schubatzky and Martin Hopf and Jan-Philipp Burde and Claudia Haagen-Schützenhöfer and Liza Dopatka and Verena Spatz and Thomas Wilhelm", Title = {Development of a two-tier instrument on simple electric circuits}, Journal = {Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res.}, Volume = {17}, Number = {2}, Pages = {020123}, Month = {September}, Year = {2021} }
Refer Export Format

%A Lana Ivanjek %A Louisa Morris %A Thomas Schubatzky %A Martin Hopf %A Jan-Philipp Burde %A Claudia Haagen-Schützenhöfer %A Liza Dopatka %A Verena Spatz %A Thomas Wilhelm %T Development of a two-tier instrument on simple electric circuits %J Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. %V 17 %N 2 %D September 24, 2021 %P 020123 %U https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020123 %O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article %A Ivanjek, Lana %A Morris, Louisa %A Schubatzky, Thomas %A Hopf, Martin %A Burde, Jan-Philipp %A Haagen-Schützenhöfer, Claudia %A Dopatka, Liza %A Spatz, Verena %A Wilhelm, Thomas %D September 24, 2021 %T Development of a two-tier instrument on simple electric circuits %J Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. %V 17 %N 2 %P 020123 %8 September 24, 2021 %U https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020123


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