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Physical Review Physics Education Research
written by Lauren A. Barth-Cohen, Sarah K. Braden, Tamara G. Young, and Sara Gailey
Research in undergraduate physics and in K–12 science education has demonstrated challenges and successes in facilitating student engagement with reasoning practices associated with professional physicists. Here we focus on one important dimension of physics reasoning, using evidence to revise models. While this topic has been explored at the undergraduate level, less is known about younger students' physics reasoning, especially within the context of modeling and model revision, where measurement tools are less emphasized and where evidence is often observational qualitative data. Here we examine 7th graders' conversations about pieces of observational scientific evidence in their conceptual models of magnetism. We present a series of cases from a whole class discussion to illustrate students' productive reasoning using evidence while revising, challenging, and testing their scientific models. These cases illustrate how students reason about evidence in the context of canonical and noncanonical models of magnetism, specifically when different pieces of evidence contradict each other and when running the model is inconclusive. The results capture a variety of complex ways evidence can be productively used in reasoning with models, and, more importantly, show that middle school students' reasoning shares important similarities with more advanced physics reasoning, which can be leveraged when designing and building future instruction.
Physical Review Physics Education Research: Volume 17, Issue 2, Pages 020106
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Applied Research
- Active Learning
= Modeling
- Pedagogy
Education - Basic Research
- Cognition
= Cognition Development
- Sample Population
= Age
General Physics
- Physics Education Research
- Scientific Reasoning
- Middle School
- Reference Material
= Research study
PER-Central Type Intended Users Ratings
- PER Literature
- Educators
- Professional/Practitioners
- Administrators
- Researchers
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Access Rights:
Free access
License:
This material is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license.
Rights Holder:
American Physical Society
DOI:
10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020106
Keywords:
middle school, physics reasoning, precollege physics reasoning
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created November 10, 2021 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
January 25, 2022 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
August 4, 2021
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Record Link
AIP Format
L. Barth-Cohen, S. Braden, T. Young, and S. Gailey, , Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17 (2), 020106 (2021), WWW Document, (https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020106).
AJP/PRST-PER
L. Barth-Cohen, S. Braden, T. Young, and S. Gailey, Reasoning with evidence while modeling: Successes at the middle school level, Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17 (2), 020106 (2021), <https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020106>.
APA Format
Barth-Cohen, L., Braden, S., Young, T., & Gailey, S. (2021, August 4). Reasoning with evidence while modeling: Successes at the middle school level. Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res., 17(2), 020106. Retrieved May 27, 2024, from https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020106
Chicago Format
Barth-Cohen, L, S. Braden, T. Young, and S. Gailey. "Reasoning with evidence while modeling: Successes at the middle school level." Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17, no. 2, (August 4, 2021): 020106, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020106 (accessed 27 May 2024).
MLA Format
Barth-Cohen, Lauren A., Sarah K. Braden, Tamara G. Young, and Sara Gailey. "Reasoning with evidence while modeling: Successes at the middle school level." Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17.2 (2021): 020106. 27 May 2024 <https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020106>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Lauren A. Barth-Cohen and Sarah K. Braden and Tamara G. Young and Sara Gailey", Title = {Reasoning with evidence while modeling: Successes at the middle school level}, Journal = {Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res.}, Volume = {17}, Number = {2}, Pages = {020106}, Month = {August}, Year = {2021} }
Refer Export Format

%A Lauren A. Barth-Cohen %A Sarah K. Braden %A Tamara G. Young %A Sara Gailey %T Reasoning with evidence while modeling: Successes at the middle school level %J Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. %V 17 %N 2 %D August 4, 2021 %P 020106 %U https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020106 %O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article %A Barth-Cohen, Lauren A. %A Braden, Sarah K. %A Young, Tamara G. %A Gailey, Sara %D August 4, 2021 %T Reasoning with evidence while modeling: Successes at the middle school level %J Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. %V 17 %N 2 %P 020106 %8 August 4, 2021 %U https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020106


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