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Physical Review Physics Education Research
written by Meytal Eran-Jona and Yosef Nir
This research focuses on the absence of women among academic staff in physics. To explore the causes of this gender imbalance, we focus on the decision-making junction between obtaining a Ph.D. diploma and pursuing a postdoctoral position. We use the mixed-methods paradigm, combining a nationwide representative survey of Ph.D. students in Israel (n=267 respondents out of 404 questioned) and interviews with Ph.D. students and postdoctoral fellows (n=38). The theoretical novelty that we propose is to view such career decision making as a "deal" that involves contextual, organizational, and individual variables and their intersection. Young women are examining the components of this deal: what it offers them and what prices they will have to pay, but their decision is made within a gendered power structure. Studying both context factors and agency, we reveal the multiple hidden ways in which gender operates as a power structure, putting up barriers to women's academic careers. This latent power structure influences women's decision making and experiences in several ways. In the academic field, it produces unequal competition in a male-dominated playground. In the social sphere, choosing a demanding academic career is seen as disrupting gender order. Within the family, women carry a greater burden of family work and give precedence to their husband's career and preferences. Within this social structure, women who decide to follow an academic career feel that they must excel, and this demand for "excellence" acts as a hidden mechanism within the gendered power structure that may prevent talented women from pursuing an academic career in physics.
Physical Review Physics Education Research: Volume 17, Issue 2, Pages 020101
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Applied Research
- Careers
- Recruitment
= Diversity
Education - Basic Research
- Sample Population
= Gender
= Instructor: Pre-service
- Societal Issues
= Gender Issues
= International Issues
- Student Characteristics
General Physics
- Physics Education Research
- Graduate/Professional
- Reference Material
= Research study
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License:
This material is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license.
Rights Holder:
American Physical Society
DOI:
10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020101
Keywords:
gender equality, gender equity, gender imbalance, post-doctoral inclusion, tenure-track inclusion
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created November 10, 2021 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
January 25, 2022 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
July 12, 2021
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Record Link
AIP Format
M. Eran-Jona and Y. Nir, , Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17 (2), 020101 (2021), WWW Document, (https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020101).
AJP/PRST-PER
M. Eran-Jona and Y. Nir, Choosing physics within a gendered power structure: The academic career in physics as a “deal”, Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17 (2), 020101 (2021), <https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020101>.
APA Format
Eran-Jona, M., & Nir, Y. (2021, July 12). Choosing physics within a gendered power structure: The academic career in physics as a “deal”. Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res., 17(2), 020101. Retrieved October 1, 2022, from https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020101
Chicago Format
Eran-Jona, Meytal, and Yosef Nir. "Choosing physics within a gendered power structure: The academic career in physics as a “deal”." Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17, no. 2, (July 12, 2021): 020101, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020101 (accessed 1 October 2022).
MLA Format
Eran-Jona, Meytal, and Yosef Nir. "Choosing physics within a gendered power structure: The academic career in physics as a “deal”." Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17.2 (2021): 020101. 1 Oct. 2022 <https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020101>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Meytal Eran-Jona and Yosef Nir", Title = {Choosing physics within a gendered power structure: The academic career in physics as a “deal”}, Journal = {Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res.}, Volume = {17}, Number = {2}, Pages = {020101}, Month = {July}, Year = {2021} }
Refer Export Format

%A Meytal Eran-Jona %A Yosef Nir %T Choosing physics within a gendered power structure: The academic career in physics as a "deal" %J Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. %V 17 %N 2 %D July 12, 2021 %P 020101 %U https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020101 %O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article %A Eran-Jona, Meytal %A Nir, Yosef %D July 12, 2021 %T Choosing physics within a gendered power structure: The academic career in physics as a "deal" %J Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. %V 17 %N 2 %P 020101 %8 July 12, 2021 %U https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020101


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