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Physical Review Physics Education Research
written by Marta Stoeckel and Gillian Roehrig
Women are underrepresented at multiple levels of physics education. One avenue for understanding the classroom experiences that perpetuate underrepresentation is physics identity, defined using the three dimensions of recognition, performance, and competence. Existing literature suggests that women tend to have a much weaker physics identity than men and that women tend to report a lower sense of competence in the form of self-efficacy than their male peers. This study examined confidence and self-efficacy as an aspect of physics identity in an AP Physics 1 class using a mixed-methods, sequential explanatory design. The quantitative data consisted of students' actual and predicted scores on in-class assessments, which showed no statistically significant difference in the accuracy of students' self-assessments by race or gender. To identify classroom activities that impacted self-efficacy, we collected responses to an open-ended prompt and conducted student interviews. Labs emerged as having both a positive and a negative impact on self-efficacy on many students, regardless of race or gender and male students were more likely to discuss peer-to-peer interactions as a source of self-efficacy. Boys also described figuring out how to apply concepts from labs to problem sets as an experience that contributed to their self-efficacy, while the only girl who mentioned problem sets described them as a negative experience. When describing evidence their teacher believed they are good at physics, boys focused on assessments where they had high scores, while girls focused on the feedback on assessments where they had low scores.
Physical Review Physics Education Research: Volume 17, Issue 2, Pages 020102
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Applied Research
- Recruitment
= Diversity
Education - Basic Research
- Problem Solving
= Metacognition
- Sample Population
= Age
- Societal Issues
= Gender Issues
- Student Characteristics
= Affect
General Physics
- Physics Education Research
- High School
- Reference Material
= Research study
PER-Central Type Intended Users Ratings
- PER Literature
- Educators
- Administrators
- Researchers
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License:
This material is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license.
Rights Holder:
American Physical Society
DOI:
10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020102
Keywords:
gender equity, physics identity, self-efficacy, student attitudes, student retention
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created November 10, 2021 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
January 25, 2022 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
July 12, 2021
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AIP Format
M. Stoeckel and G. Roehrig, , Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17 (2), 020102 (2021), WWW Document, (https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020102).
AJP/PRST-PER
M. Stoeckel and G. Roehrig, Gender differences in classroom experiences impacting self-efficacy in an AP Physics 1 classroom, Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17 (2), 020102 (2021), <https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020102>.
APA Format
Stoeckel, M., & Roehrig, G. (2021, July 12). Gender differences in classroom experiences impacting self-efficacy in an AP Physics 1 classroom. Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res., 17(2), 020102. Retrieved June 13, 2024, from https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020102
Chicago Format
Stoeckel, Marta, and Gillian Roehrig. "Gender differences in classroom experiences impacting self-efficacy in an AP Physics 1 classroom." Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17, no. 2, (July 12, 2021): 020102, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020102 (accessed 13 June 2024).
MLA Format
Stoeckel, Marta, and Gillian Roehrig. "Gender differences in classroom experiences impacting self-efficacy in an AP Physics 1 classroom." Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17.2 (2021): 020102. 13 June 2024 <https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020102>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Marta Stoeckel and Gillian Roehrig", Title = {Gender differences in classroom experiences impacting self-efficacy in an AP Physics 1 classroom}, Journal = {Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res.}, Volume = {17}, Number = {2}, Pages = {020102}, Month = {July}, Year = {2021} }
Refer Export Format

%A Marta Stoeckel %A Gillian Roehrig %T Gender differences in classroom experiences impacting self-efficacy in an AP Physics 1 classroom %J Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. %V 17 %N 2 %D July 12, 2021 %P 020102 %U https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020102 %O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article %A Stoeckel, Marta %A Roehrig, Gillian %D July 12, 2021 %T Gender differences in classroom experiences impacting self-efficacy in an AP Physics 1 classroom %J Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. %V 17 %N 2 %P 020102 %8 July 12, 2021 %U https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020102


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