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Physical Review Physics Education Research
written by Yuko Ikkatai, Atsushi Inoue, Kei Kano, Azusa Minamizaki, Euan McKay, and Hiromi M. Yokoyama
Women are underrepresented in physics. Because of the structure of the Japanese educational system, more women must choose physics as a subject for university entrance exams to increase the number of women studying advanced physics at university. In this study, we investigated the factors influencing girls' choice of physics for university entrance examination in Japan, focusing on preference and self-efficacy for science subjects. We investigated two Japanese populations (members of the public who graduated from university with a degree in science, and professional physicists) to identify characteristics of physicists. We conducted online retrospective questionnaires. First, we found that the preference for physics at junior high school and the first year of high school were positively related to the choice of physics for university entrance exams in both female and male university science graduates. Second, we found that preferences for museums and science magazines as well as the recognition of the importance of physics and mathematics at elementary or junior high school were significantly related to the choice of physics for female university science graduates. Third, we found that professional physicists, especially women, had a lower mathematical stereotype than male and female university science graduates. Our results suggest that initiatives to prevent girls from disliking physics at junior high school or high school may be important for encouraging them to choose physics for university entrance examination in Japan.
Physical Review Physics Education Research: Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 010141
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Applied Research
- Recruitment
= Diversity
Education - Basic Research
- Sample Population
= Gender
- Societal Issues
= Gender Issues
- Student Characteristics
= Affect
General Physics
- Physics Education Research
- High School
- Middle School
- Reference Material
= Research study
PER-Central Type Intended Users Ratings
- PER Literature
- Researchers
- Professional/Practitioners
- Administrators
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This material is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license.
Rights Holder:
American Physical Society
DOI:
10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.010141
Keywords:
gender equity, inclusivity, physics identity, student retention
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created November 10, 2021 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
January 25, 2022 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
June 21, 2021
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AIP Format
Y. Ikkatai, A. Inoue, K. Kano, A. Minamizaki, E. McKay, and H. Yokoyama, , Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17 (1), 010141 (2021), WWW Document, (https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.010141).
AJP/PRST-PER
Y. Ikkatai, A. Inoue, K. Kano, A. Minamizaki, E. McKay, and H. Yokoyama, Factors related to girls’ choice of physics for university entrance exams in Japan, Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17 (1), 010141 (2021), <https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.010141>.
APA Format
Ikkatai, Y., Inoue, A., Kano, K., Minamizaki, A., McKay, E., & Yokoyama, H. (2021, June 21). Factors related to girls’ choice of physics for university entrance exams in Japan. Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res., 17(1), 010141. Retrieved April 20, 2024, from https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.010141
Chicago Format
Ikkatai, Y, A. Inoue, K. Kano, A. Minamizaki, E. McKay, and H. Yokoyama. "Factors related to girls’ choice of physics for university entrance exams in Japan." Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17, no. 1, (June 21, 2021): 010141, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.010141 (accessed 20 April 2024).
MLA Format
Ikkatai, Yuko, Atsushi Inoue, Kei Kano, Azusa Minamizaki, Euan McKay, and Hiromi M. Yokoyama. "Factors related to girls’ choice of physics for university entrance exams in Japan." Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17.1 (2021): 010141. 20 Apr. 2024 <https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.010141>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Yuko Ikkatai and Atsushi Inoue and Kei Kano and Azusa Minamizaki and Euan McKay and Hiromi M. Yokoyama", Title = {Factors related to girls’ choice of physics for university entrance exams in Japan}, Journal = {Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res.}, Volume = {17}, Number = {1}, Pages = {010141}, Month = {June}, Year = {2021} }
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%A Yuko Ikkatai %A Atsushi Inoue %A Kei Kano %A Azusa Minamizaki %A Euan McKay %A Hiromi M. Yokoyama %T Factors related to girls' choice of physics for university entrance exams in Japan %J Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. %V 17 %N 1 %D June 21, 2021 %P 010141 %U https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.010141 %O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article %A Ikkatai, Yuko %A Inoue, Atsushi %A Kano, Kei %A Minamizaki, Azusa %A McKay, Euan %A Yokoyama, Hiromi M. %D June 21, 2021 %T Factors related to girls' choice of physics for university entrance exams in Japan %J Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. %V 17 %N 1 %P 010141 %8 June 21, 2021 %U https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.010141


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