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written by Jane Stout, Nilanjana Dasgupta, Matthew Hunsinger, and Melissa A. McManus
Three studies tested a stereotype inoculation model, which proposed that contact with same-sex experts (advanced peers, professionals, professors) in academic environments involving science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) enhances women's self-concept in STEM, attitudes toward STEM, and motivation to pursue STEM careers. Two cross-sectional controlled experiments and 1 longitudinal naturalistic study in a calculus class revealed that exposure to female STEM experts promoted positive implicit attitudes and stronger implicit identification with STEM (Studies 1–3), greater self-efficacy in STEM (Study 3), and more effort on STEM tests (Study 1). Studies 2 and 3 suggested that the benefit of seeing same-sex experts is driven by greater subjective identification and connectedness with these individuals, which in turn predicts enhanced self-efficacy, domain identification, and commitment to pursue STEM careers. Importantly, women's own self-concept benefited from contact with female experts even though negative stereotypes about their gender and STEM remained active.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology: Volume 100, Issue 2, Pages 255-270
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Basic Research
- Research Design & Methodology
= Evaluation
- Sample Population
= Gender
- Societal Issues
= Gender Issues
- Student Characteristics
= Ability
= Skills
Other Sciences
- Mathematics
- Graduate/Professional
- Reference Material
= Research study
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https://www.researchgate.net/prof…
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© 2010 American Psychological Association
DOI:
10.1037/a0021385
Keywords:
gender bias, gender equity, inclusivity, self-efficacy, student retention
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created November 24, 2021 by Sam McKagan
Record Updated:
December 13, 2021 by Caroline Hall
Last Update
when Cataloged:
December 13, 2010
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Record Link
AIP Format
J. Stout, N. Dasgupta, M. Hunsinger, and M. McManus, , Pers Soc Psychol 100 (2), 255 (2010), WWW Document, (https://doi.org/10.1037/a0021385).
AJP/PRST-PER
J. Stout, N. Dasgupta, M. Hunsinger, and M. McManus, STEMing the tide: Using ingroup experts to inoculate women's self-concept in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM)., Pers Soc Psychol 100 (2), 255 (2010), <https://doi.org/10.1037/a0021385>.
APA Format
Stout, J., Dasgupta, N., Hunsinger, M., & McManus, M. (2010, December 13). STEMing the tide: Using ingroup experts to inoculate women's self-concept in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM).. Pers Soc Psychol, 100(2), 255-270. Retrieved September 25, 2022, from https://doi.org/10.1037/a0021385
Chicago Format
Stout, J, N. Dasgupta, M. Hunsinger, and M. McManus. "STEMing the tide: Using ingroup experts to inoculate women's self-concept in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM).." Pers Soc Psychol. 100, no. 2, (December 13, 2010): 255-270, https://doi.org/10.1037/a0021385 (accessed 25 September 2022).
MLA Format
Stout, Jane, Nilanjana Dasgupta, Matthew Hunsinger, and Melissa A. McManus. "STEMing the tide: Using ingroup experts to inoculate women's self-concept in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM).." Pers Soc Psychol 100.2 (2010): 255-270. 25 Sep. 2022 <https://doi.org/10.1037/a0021385>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Jane Stout and Nilanjana Dasgupta and Matthew Hunsinger and Melissa A. McManus", Title = {STEMing the tide: Using ingroup experts to inoculate women's self-concept in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM).}, Journal = {Pers Soc Psychol}, Volume = {100}, Number = {2}, Pages = {255-270}, Month = {December}, Year = {2010} }
Refer Export Format

%A Jane Stout %A Nilanjana Dasgupta %A Matthew Hunsinger %A Melissa A. McManus %T STEMing the tide: Using ingroup experts to inoculate women's self-concept in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). %J Pers Soc Psychol %V 100 %N 2 %D December 13, 2010 %P 255-270 %U https://doi.org/10.1037/a0021385 %O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article %A Stout, Jane %A Dasgupta, Nilanjana %A Hunsinger, Matthew %A McManus, Melissa A. %D December 13, 2010 %T STEMing the tide: Using ingroup experts to inoculate women's self-concept in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). %J Pers Soc Psychol %V 100 %N 2 %P 255-270 %8 December 13, 2010 %U https://doi.org/10.1037/a0021385


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