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Science
written by Lei Bao, Tianfang Cai, Kathleen M. Koenig, Kai Fang, Jing Han, Jing Wang, Qing Liu, Lin Ding, Lili Cui, Ying Luo, Yufeng Wang, Lieming Li, and Nianle Wu
The development of general scientific abilities is critical to enable students of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) to successfully handle open-ended real-world tasks in future careers. Teaching goals in STEM education include fostering content knowledge and developing general scientific abilities. One such ability, scientific reasoning, is related to cognitive abilities such as critical thinking and reasoning. Scientific reasoning skills can be developed through training and can be transferred. Training in scientific reasoning may also have a long-term impact on student academic achievement. The STEM education community considers that transferable general abilities are at least as important for students to learn as is the STEM content knowledge. We therefore asked whether learning STEM content knowledge does in fact have an impact on the development of scientific reasoning ability. The scientific reasoning ability studied in this paper focuses on domain-general reasoning skills such as the abilities to systematically explore a problem, to formulate and test hypotheses, to manipulate and isolate variables, and to observe and evaluate the consequences.
Science: Volume 323, Issue 5914, Pages 586-587
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Basic Research
- Achievement
- Cognition
= Cognition Development
- Learning Theory
= Transfer
- Research Design & Methodology
= Statistics
- Sample Population
= Age
= Background: National Origin
- Student Characteristics
= Ability
= Skills
General Physics
- Scientific Reasoning
- High School
- Reference Material
= Research study
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© 2009 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
DOI:
10.1126/science.1167740
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created February 24, 2022 by Adrian Madsen
Record Updated:
April 21, 2022 by Caroline Hall
Last Update
when Cataloged:
January 29, 2009
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AIP Format
L. Bao, T. Cai, K. Koenig, K. Fang, J. Han, J. Wang, Q. Liu, L. Ding, L. Cui, Y. Luo, Y. Wang, L. Li, and N. Wu, , Science 323 (5914), 586 (2009), WWW Document, (https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1167740).
AJP/PRST-PER
L. Bao, T. Cai, K. Koenig, K. Fang, J. Han, J. Wang, Q. Liu, L. Ding, L. Cui, Y. Luo, Y. Wang, L. Li, and N. Wu, Learning and Scientific Reasoning, Science 323 (5914), 586 (2009), <https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1167740>.
APA Format
Bao, L., Cai, T., Koenig, K., Fang, K., Han, J., Wang, J., Liu, Q., Ding, L., Cui, L., Luo, Y., Wang, Y., Li, L., & Wu, N. (2009, January 29). Learning and Scientific Reasoning. Science, 323(5914), 586-587. Retrieved June 13, 2024, from https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1167740
Chicago Format
Bao, L, T. Cai, K. Koenig, K. Fang, J. Han, J. Wang, Q. Liu, L. Ding, L. Cui, Y. Luo, Y. Wang, L. Li, and N. Wu. "Learning and Scientific Reasoning." Science. 323, no. 5914, (January 29, 2009): 586-587, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1167740 (accessed 13 June 2024).
MLA Format
Bao, Lei, Tianfang Cai, Kathleen Koenig, Kai Fang, Jing Han, Jing Wang, Qing Liu, Lin Ding, Lili Cui, Ying Luo, Yufeng Wang, Lieming Li, and Nianle Wu. "Learning and Scientific Reasoning." Science 323.5914 (2009): 586-587. 13 June 2024 <https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1167740>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Lei Bao and Tianfang Cai and Kathleen Koenig and Kai Fang and Jing Han and Jing Wang and Qing Liu and Lin Ding and Lili Cui and Ying Luo and Yufeng Wang and Lieming Li and Nianle Wu", Title = {Learning and Scientific Reasoning}, Journal = {Science}, Volume = {323}, Number = {5914}, Pages = {586-587}, Month = {January}, Year = {2009} }
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%A Lei Bao %A Tianfang Cai %A Kathleen Koenig %A Kai Fang %A Jing Han %A Jing Wang %A Qing Liu %A Lin Ding %A Lili Cui %A Ying Luo %A Yufeng Wang %A Lieming Li %A Nianle Wu %T Learning and Scientific Reasoning %J Science %V 323 %N 5914 %D January 29, 2009 %P 586-587 %U https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1167740 %O text/html

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article %A Bao, Lei %A Cai, Tianfang %A Koenig, Kathleen %A Fang, Kai %A Han, Jing %A Wang, Jing %A Liu, Qing %A Ding, Lin %A Cui, Lili %A Luo, Ying %A Wang, Yufeng %A Li, Lieming %A Wu, Nianle %D January 29, 2009 %T Learning and Scientific Reasoning %J Science %V 323 %N 5914 %P 586-587 %8 January 29, 2009 %U https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1167740


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The AIP Style presented is based on information from the AIP Style Manual.

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