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Journal of Research in Science Teaching
written by Susan L. Westbrook and Laura N. Rogers
This study-was designed to test the hypothesis that descriptive learning cycles are neither sufficient to stimulate students to reason at a formal operational level nor to encourage facility with the processes of scientific investigation. A 6-week long, three-investigation unit on simple machines drawn from a ninth-grade physical science curriculum was selected for the study. Students in the course were assigned to one of three instructional groups: descriptive group (DE), question design group (QD), and hypothesis testing group (HT). Each group completed identical exploration and invention activities. Each group participated in qualitatively distinct activities during the expansion phase. The DE students completed the activities outlined in the curriculum (a descriptive learning cycle). The QD group designed and conducted experiments to answer a question posed by the teacher. The HT group generated hypotheses concerning a problem, then designed and conducted experiments to test those hypotheses (a hypothetico-deductive expansion). The effects of the treatments were assessed in a pretest–posttest format using Lawson's Seven Logic-Tasks, the Test of Integrated Process Skills, and Lawson's Revised Classroom Test of Scientific Reasoning. Analyses of the data indicated that the HT group exhibited a significant increase on the Test of Integrated Process Skills and on Task 1 of the Seven Logic Tasks during the 6-week period.
Journal of Research in Science Teaching: Volume 31, Issue 1, Pages 65-76
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Classical Mechanics
- Newton's Second Law
= Force, Acceleration
Education - Applied Research
- Curriculum Development
- Learning Environment
- Pedagogy
Education - Basic Research
- Cognition
= Cognition Development
- Research Design & Methodology
= Evaluation
= Statistics
- Sample Population
= Age
- Student Characteristics
= Skills
General Physics
- Curriculum
- Scientific Reasoning
- High School
- Reference Material
= Research study
PER-Central Types Intended Users Ratings
- Curriculum
- Curriculum / Research Instrument
- Administrators
- Professional/Practitioners
- Researchers
- Educators
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© 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
DOI:
10.1002/tea.3660310107
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created February 24, 2022 by Adrian Madsen
Record Updated:
April 22, 2022 by Caroline Hall
Last Update
when Cataloged:
October 12, 2006
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Record Link
AIP Format
S. Westbrook and L. Rogers, J. Res. Sci. Teaching 31 (1), 65 (2006), WWW Document, (https://doi.org/10.1002/tea.3660310107).
AJP/PRST-PER
S. Westbrook and L. Rogers, Examining the development of scientific reasoning in ninth-grade physical science students, J. Res. Sci. Teaching 31 (1), 65 (2006), <https://doi.org/10.1002/tea.3660310107>.
APA Format
Westbrook, S., & Rogers, L. (2006, October 12). Examining the development of scientific reasoning in ninth-grade physical science students. J. Res. Sci. Teaching, 31(1), 65-76. Retrieved May 24, 2022, from https://doi.org/10.1002/tea.3660310107
Chicago Format
Westbrook, Susan L., and Laura N. Rogers. "Examining the development of scientific reasoning in ninth-grade physical science students." J. Res. Sci. Teaching. 31, no. 1, (October 12, 2006): 65-76, https://doi.org/10.1002/tea.3660310107 (accessed 24 May 2022).
MLA Format
Westbrook, Susan L., and Laura N. Rogers. "Examining the development of scientific reasoning in ninth-grade physical science students." J. Res. Sci. Teaching 31.1 (2006): 65-76. 24 May 2022 <https://doi.org/10.1002/tea.3660310107>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Susan L. Westbrook and Laura N. Rogers", Title = {Examining the development of scientific reasoning in ninth-grade physical science students}, Journal = {J. Res. Sci. Teaching}, Volume = {31}, Number = {1}, Pages = {65-76}, Month = {October}, Year = {2006} }
Refer Export Format

%A Susan L. Westbrook %A Laura N. Rogers %T Examining the development of scientific reasoning in ninth-grade physical science students %J J. Res. Sci. Teaching %V 31 %N 1 %D October 12, 2006 %P 65-76 %U https://doi.org/10.1002/tea.3660310107 %O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article %A Westbrook, Susan L. %A Rogers, Laura N. %D October 12, 2006 %T Examining the development of scientific reasoning in ninth-grade physical science students %J J. Res. Sci. Teaching %V 31 %N 1 %P 65-76 %8 October 12, 2006 %U https://doi.org/10.1002/tea.3660310107


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The AIP Style presented is based on information from the AIP Style Manual.

The AJP/PRST-PER presented is based on the AIP Style with the addition of journal article titles and conference proceeding article titles.

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