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written by Daniel Cervone and Phillip K. Peake
Two experiments addressed relations between judgmental processes and action by examining both the impact of the anchoring/adjustment heuristic on judgments of performance capabilities and the subsequent impact of these self-efficacy judgments on behavior. In the first experiment, 62 undergraduates judged their capabilities for performance on a problem-solving task after exposure to ostensibly random anchor values representing either high or low levels of performance. Students in a control condition received no anchor values. Anchoring biases strongly affected self-efficacy judgments. High-anchor Students evidenced the highest judgments of their capabilities and Low-anchor Students the lowest judgments. Students then performed the task. Differences in task persistence paralleled the differences in self-efficacy judgments, with High-anchor Students displaying the highest level of task persistence. The second experiment, conducted with 23 high school students, replicated these results. In both studies, self-efficacy was predictive of both between-group differences and variations in performance within the anchoring conditions. Findings indicate that anchoring significantly affected judgments of self-efficacy.

Editor's Note: Anchoring bias is a type of judgmental heuristic that reduces complex inferential tasks to simpler cognitive operations. Also known as "focalism", the anchoring bias refers to the tendency to accept and rely on the first piece of information as the sole or primary foundation for making a decision.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology: Volume 50, Issue 3, Pages 492-501
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Applied Research
- Pedagogy
= Heuristics
Education - Basic Research
- Problem Solving
= Heuristics
- Student Characteristics
= Skills
- Lower Undergraduate
- High School
- Reference Material
= Research study
PER-Central Type Intended Users Ratings
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- Professional/Practitioners
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© 1986 American Psychological Association
DOI:
10.1037/0022-3514.50.3.492
Keywords:
anchoring bias, cognitive bias, focalism, self-efficacy
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created July 6, 2022 by Lauren Bauman
Record Updated:
September 20, 2022 by Caroline Hall
Last Update
when Cataloged:
September 15, 2005
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AIP Format
D. Cervone and P. Peake, , Pers Soc Psychol 50 (3), 492 (1986), WWW Document, (https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.50.3.492).
AJP/PRST-PER
D. Cervone and P. Peake, Anchoring, efficacy, and action: The influence of judgmental heuristics on self-efficacy judgments and behavior., Pers Soc Psychol 50 (3), 492 (1986), <https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.50.3.492>.
APA Format
Cervone, D., & Peake, P. (2005, September 15). Anchoring, efficacy, and action: The influence of judgmental heuristics on self-efficacy judgments and behavior.. Pers Soc Psychol, 50(3), 492-501. Retrieved September 25, 2022, from https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.50.3.492
Chicago Format
Cervone, Daniel, and Phillip K. Peake. "Anchoring, efficacy, and action: The influence of judgmental heuristics on self-efficacy judgments and behavior.." Pers Soc Psychol. 50, no. 3, (September 15, 2005): 492-501, https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.50.3.492 (accessed 25 September 2022).
MLA Format
Cervone, Daniel, and Phillip K. Peake. "Anchoring, efficacy, and action: The influence of judgmental heuristics on self-efficacy judgments and behavior.." Pers Soc Psychol 50.3 (1986): 492-501. 25 Sep. 2022 <https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.50.3.492>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Daniel Cervone and Phillip K. Peake", Title = {Anchoring, efficacy, and action: The influence of judgmental heuristics on self-efficacy judgments and behavior.}, Journal = {Pers Soc Psychol}, Volume = {50}, Number = {3}, Pages = {492-501}, Month = {September}, Year = {2005} }
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%A Daniel Cervone %A Phillip K. Peake %T Anchoring, efficacy, and action: The influence of judgmental heuristics on self-efficacy judgments and behavior. %J Pers Soc Psychol %V 50 %N 3 %D September 15, 2005 %P 492-501 %U https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.50.3.492 %O text/html

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%0 Journal Article %A Cervone, Daniel %A Peake, Phillip K. %D September 15, 2005 %T Anchoring, efficacy, and action: The influence of judgmental heuristics on self-efficacy judgments and behavior. %J Pers Soc Psychol %V 50 %N 3 %P 492-501 %8 September 15, 2005 %U https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.50.3.492


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