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CBE-Life Sciences Education
written by Sarah L. Eddy, Sara E. Brownell, and Mary Pat Wenderoth
Although gender gaps have been a major concern in male-dominated science, technology, engineering, and mathematics disciplines such as physics and engineering, the numerical dominance of female students in biology has supported the assumption that gender disparities do not exist at the undergraduate level in life sciences. Using data from 23 large introductory biology classes for majors, we examine two measures of gender disparity in biology: academic achievement and participation in whole-class discussions. We found that females consistently underperform on exams compared with males with similar overall college grade point averages. In addition, although females on average represent 60% of the students in these courses, their voices make up less than 40% of those heard responding to instructor-posed questions to the class, one of the most common ways of engaging students in large lectures. Based on these data, we propose that, despite numerical dominance of females, gender disparities remain an issue in introductory biology classrooms. For student retention and achievement in biology to be truly merit based, we need to develop strategies to equalize the opportunities for students of different genders to practice the skills they need to excel.
CBE-Life Sciences Education: Volume 13, Issue 3, Pages 478-492
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Basic Research
- Achievement
- Behavior
- Communication
= Speaking
- Research Design & Methodology
= Data
= Statistics
- Sample Population
= Gender
- Societal Issues
= Gender Issues
- Student Characteristics
= Ability
= Affect
- Teacher Characteristics
= Pedagogical Content Knowledge
Other Sciences
- Life Sciences
- Lower Undergraduate
- Upper Undergraduate
- Reference Material
= Research study
PER-Central Types Intended Users Ratings
- Curriculum
- Curriculum / Research Instrument
- Educators
- Administrators
- Researchers
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Format:
text/html
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© 2014 American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB)
DOI:
10.1187/cbe.13-10-0204
NSF Numbers:
TUES
1118890
Keywords:
class participation, female biology performance, gender disparity, science identity, student participation
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created July 6, 2022 by Lauren Bauman
Record Updated:
October 13, 2022 by Caroline Hall
Last Update
when Cataloged:
October 13, 2017
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Record Link
AIP Format
S. Eddy, S. Brownell, and M. Wenderoth, , CBE Life. Sci. Educ. 13 (3), 478 (2014), WWW Document, (https://doi.org/10.1187/cbe.13-10-0204).
AJP/PRST-PER
S. Eddy, S. Brownell, and M. Wenderoth, Gender Gaps in Achievement and Participation in Multiple Introductory Biology Classrooms, CBE Life. Sci. Educ. 13 (3), 478 (2014), <https://doi.org/10.1187/cbe.13-10-0204>.
APA Format
Eddy, S., Brownell, S., & Wenderoth, M. (2017, October 13). Gender Gaps in Achievement and Participation in Multiple Introductory Biology Classrooms. CBE Life. Sci. Educ., 13(3), 478-492. Retrieved December 9, 2022, from https://doi.org/10.1187/cbe.13-10-0204
Chicago Format
Eddy, S, S. Brownell, and M. Wenderoth. "Gender Gaps in Achievement and Participation in Multiple Introductory Biology Classrooms." CBE Life. Sci. Educ. 13, no. 3, (October 13, 2017): 478-492, https://doi.org/10.1187/cbe.13-10-0204 (accessed 9 December 2022).
MLA Format
Eddy, Sarah L., Sara E. Brownell, and Mary Pat Wenderoth. "Gender Gaps in Achievement and Participation in Multiple Introductory Biology Classrooms." CBE Life. Sci. Educ. 13.3 (2014): 478-492. 9 Dec. 2022 <https://doi.org/10.1187/cbe.13-10-0204>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Sarah L. Eddy and Sara E. Brownell and Mary Pat Wenderoth", Title = {Gender Gaps in Achievement and Participation in Multiple Introductory Biology Classrooms}, Journal = {CBE Life. Sci. Educ.}, Volume = {13}, Number = {3}, Pages = {478-492}, Month = {October}, Year = {2017} }
Refer Export Format

%A Sarah L. Eddy %A Sara E. Brownell %A Mary Pat Wenderoth %T Gender Gaps in Achievement and Participation in Multiple Introductory Biology Classrooms %J CBE Life. Sci. Educ. %V 13 %N 3 %D October 13, 2017 %P 478-492 %U https://doi.org/10.1187/cbe.13-10-0204 %O text/html

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article %A Eddy, Sarah L. %A Brownell, Sara E. %A Wenderoth, Mary Pat %D October 13, 2017 %T Gender Gaps in Achievement and Participation in Multiple Introductory Biology Classrooms %J CBE Life. Sci. Educ. %V 13 %N 3 %P 478-492 %8 October 13, 2017 %U https://doi.org/10.1187/cbe.13-10-0204


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