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written by Catherine Good, Aneeta Rattan, and Carol Dweck
Sense of belonging to math--one's feelings of membership and acceptance in the math domain--was established as a new and an important factor in the representation gap between males and females in math. First, a new scale of sense of belonging to math was created and validated, and was found to predict unique variance in college students' intent to pursue math in the future (Studies 1–2). Second, in a longitudinal study of calculus students (Study 3), students' perceptions of 2 factors in their math environment--the message that math ability is a fixed trait and the stereotype that women have less of this ability than men--worked together to erode women's, but not men's, sense of belonging in math. Their lowered sense of belonging, in turn, mediated women's desire to pursue math in the future and their math grades. Interestingly, the message that math ability could be acquired protected women from negative stereotypes, allowing them to maintain a high sense of belonging in math and the intention to pursue math in the future.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology: Volume 102, Issue 4, Pages 700-717
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Basic Research
- Achievement
- Assessment
= Self Assessment
- Research Design & Methodology
= Evaluation
= Statistics
- Sample Population
= Gender
- Societal Issues
= Gender Issues
- Student Characteristics
= Ability
= Affect
Other Sciences
- Mathematics
- Lower Undergraduate
- Reference Material
= Research study
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© 2012 American Psychological Association
DOI:
10.1037/a0026659
Keywords:
Sense of Math Belonging assessment, diversity, gender imbalance, mathematics belonging, mathematics identity assessment
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created July 6, 2022 by Lauren Bauman
Record Updated:
July 30, 2022 by Caroline Hall
Last Update
when Cataloged:
January 30, 2012
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Record Link
AIP Format
C. Good, A. Rattan, and C. Dweck, , Pers Soc Psychol 102 (4), 700 (2012), WWW Document, (https://doi.org/10.1037/a0026659).
AJP/PRST-PER
C. Good, A. Rattan, and C. Dweck, Why do women opt out? Sense of belonging and women's representation in mathematics, Pers Soc Psychol 102 (4), 700 (2012), <https://doi.org/10.1037/a0026659>.
APA Format
Good, C., Rattan, A., & Dweck, C. (2012, January 30). Why do women opt out? Sense of belonging and women's representation in mathematics. Pers Soc Psychol, 102(4), 700-717. Retrieved September 25, 2022, from https://doi.org/10.1037/a0026659
Chicago Format
Good, C, A. Rattan, and C. Dweck. "Why do women opt out? Sense of belonging and women's representation in mathematics." Pers Soc Psychol. 102, no. 4, (January 30, 2012): 700-717, https://doi.org/10.1037/a0026659 (accessed 25 September 2022).
MLA Format
Good, Catherine, Aneeta Rattan, and Carol Dweck. "Why do women opt out? Sense of belonging and women's representation in mathematics." Pers Soc Psychol 102.4 (2012): 700-717. 25 Sep. 2022 <https://doi.org/10.1037/a0026659>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Catherine Good and Aneeta Rattan and Carol Dweck", Title = {Why do women opt out? Sense of belonging and women's representation in mathematics}, Journal = {Pers Soc Psychol}, Volume = {102}, Number = {4}, Pages = {700-717}, Month = {January}, Year = {2012} }
Refer Export Format

%A Catherine Good %A Aneeta Rattan %A Carol Dweck %T Why do women opt out? Sense of belonging and women's representation in mathematics %J Pers Soc Psychol %V 102 %N 4 %D January 30, 2012 %P 700-717 %U https://doi.org/10.1037/a0026659 %O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article %A Good, Catherine %A Rattan, Aneeta %A Dweck, Carol %D January 30, 2012 %T Why do women opt out? Sense of belonging and women's representation in mathematics %J Pers Soc Psychol %V 102 %N 4 %P 700-717 %8 January 30, 2012 %U https://doi.org/10.1037/a0026659


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