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written by Kevin A. Nguyen, Maura Borrego, Cynthia J. Finelli, Matt DeMonbrun, Caroline Crockett, Sneha Tharayil, Prateek Shekhar, Cynthia Waters, and Robyn Rosenberg
Despite the evidence supporting the effectiveness of active learning in undergraduate STEM courses, the adoption of active learning has been slow. One barrier to adoption is instructors' concerns about students' affective and behavioral responses to active learning, especially student resistance. Numerous education researchers have documented their use of active learning in STEM classrooms. However, there is no research yet that systematically analyzes these studies for strategies to aid implementation of active learning and address students' affective and behavioral responses. In this paper, we conduct a systematic literature review and identify 29 journal articles and conference papers that researched active learning, affective and behavioral student responses, and recommended at least one strategy for implementing active learning. In this paper, we ask: (1) What are the characteristics of studies that examine affective and behavioral outcomes of active learning and provide instructor strategies? (2) What instructor strategies to aid implementation of active learning do the authors of these studies provide? In our review, we noted that most active learning activities involved in-class problem solving within a traditional lecture-based course (N = 21). We found mostly positive affective and behavioral outcomes for students' self-reports of learning, participation in the activities, and course satisfaction (N = 23). From our analysis of the 29 studies, we identified eight strategies to aid implementation of active learning based on three categories. Explanation strategies included providing students with clarifications and reasons for using active learning. Facilitation strategies entailed working with students and ensuring that the activity functions as intended. Planning strategies involved working outside of the class to improve the active learning experience.
International Journal of STEM Education: Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 9
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Applied Research
- Learning Environment
Education - Basic Research
- Behavior
- Cognition
- Problem Solving
= Processes
- Research Design & Methodology
= Literature
- Student Characteristics
= Affect
Other Sciences
- Chemistry
- Engineering
- Mathematics
- Lower Undergraduate
- Reference Material
= Research study
PER-Central Type Intended Users Ratings
- PER Literature
- Researchers
- Administrators
- Educators
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Access Rights:
Free access
License:
This material is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license.
Rights Holder:
BioMed Central Ltd.
DOI:
10.1186/s40594-021-00270-7
NSF Number:
DUE-1744407
Keyword:
active learning research
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created July 6, 2022 by Lauren Bauman
Record Updated:
August 3, 2022 by Caroline Hall
Last Update
when Cataloged:
March 15, 2021
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Record Link
AIP Format
K. Nguyen, M. Borrego, C. Finelli, M. DeMonbrun, C. Crockett, S. Tharayil, P. Shekhar, C. Waters, and R. Rosenberg, , Int. J. STEM Educ. 8 (1), 9 (2021), WWW Document, (https://doi.org/10.1186/s40594-021-00270-7).
AJP/PRST-PER
K. Nguyen, M. Borrego, C. Finelli, M. DeMonbrun, C. Crockett, S. Tharayil, P. Shekhar, C. Waters, and R. Rosenberg, Instructor strategies to aid implementation of active learning: a systematic literature review, Int. J. STEM Educ. 8 (1), 9 (2021), <https://doi.org/10.1186/s40594-021-00270-7>.
APA Format
Nguyen, K., Borrego, M., Finelli, C., DeMonbrun, M., Crockett, C., Tharayil, S., Shekhar, P., Waters, C., & Rosenberg, R. (2021, March 15). Instructor strategies to aid implementation of active learning: a systematic literature review. Int. J. STEM Educ., 8(1), 9. Retrieved September 25, 2022, from https://doi.org/10.1186/s40594-021-00270-7
Chicago Format
Nguyen, K, M. Borrego, C. Finelli, M. DeMonbrun, C. Crockett, S. Tharayil, P. Shekhar, C. Waters, and R. Rosenberg. "Instructor strategies to aid implementation of active learning: a systematic literature review." Int. J. STEM Educ. 8, no. 1, (March 15, 2021): 9, https://doi.org/10.1186/s40594-021-00270-7 (accessed 25 September 2022).
MLA Format
Nguyen, Kevin A., Maura Borrego, Cynthia J. Finelli, Matt DeMonbrun, Caroline Crockett, Sneha Tharayil, Prateek Shekhar, Cynthia Waters, and Robyn Rosenberg. "Instructor strategies to aid implementation of active learning: a systematic literature review." Int. J. STEM Educ. 8.1 (2021): 9. 25 Sep. 2022 <https://doi.org/10.1186/s40594-021-00270-7>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Kevin A. Nguyen and Maura Borrego and Cynthia J. Finelli and Matt DeMonbrun and Caroline Crockett and Sneha Tharayil and Prateek Shekhar and Cynthia Waters and Robyn Rosenberg", Title = {Instructor strategies to aid implementation of active learning: a systematic literature review}, Journal = {Int. J. STEM Educ.}, Volume = {8}, Number = {1}, Pages = {9}, Month = {March}, Year = {2021} }
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%A Kevin A. Nguyen %A Maura Borrego %A Cynthia J. Finelli %A Matt DeMonbrun %A Caroline Crockett %A Sneha Tharayil %A Prateek Shekhar %A Cynthia Waters %A Robyn Rosenberg %T Instructor strategies to aid implementation of active learning: a systematic literature review %J Int. J. STEM Educ. %V 8 %N 1 %D March 15, 2021 %P 9 %U https://doi.org/10.1186/s40594-021-00270-7 %O text/html

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article %A Nguyen, Kevin A. %A Borrego, Maura %A Finelli, Cynthia J. %A DeMonbrun, Matt %A Crockett, Caroline %A Tharayil, Sneha %A Shekhar, Prateek %A Waters, Cynthia %A Rosenberg, Robyn %D March 15, 2021 %T Instructor strategies to aid implementation of active learning: a systematic literature review %J Int. J. STEM Educ. %V 8 %N 1 %P 9 %8 March 15, 2021 %U https://doi.org/10.1186/s40594-021-00270-7


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The AIP Style presented is based on information from the AIP Style Manual.

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