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CBE-Life Sciences Education
written by Shannon B. Seidel, Amanda L. Reggi, Jeffrey N. Schinske, Laura W. Burrus, and Kimberly D. Tanner
Instructors create classroom environments that have the potential to impact learning by affecting student motivation, resistance, and self-efficacy. However, despite the critical importance of the learning environment in increasing conceptual understanding, little research has investigated what instructors say and do to create learning environments in college biology classrooms. We systematically investigated the language used by instructors that does not directly relate to course content and defined the construct of Instructor Talk. Transcripts were generated from a semester-long, cotaught introductory biology course (n = 270 students). Transcripts were analyzed using a grounded theory approach to identify emergent categories of Instructor Talk. The five emergent categories from analysis of more than 600 quotes were, in order of prevalence, 1) Building the Instructor/Student Relationship, 2) Establishing Classroom Culture, 3) Explaining Pedagogical Choices, 4) Sharing Personal Experiences, and 5) Unmasking Science. Instances of Instructor Talk were present in every class session analyzed and ranged from six to 68 quotes per session. The Instructor Talk framework is a novel research variable that could yield insights into instructor effectiveness, origins of student resistance, and methods for overcoming stereotype threat. Additionally, it holds promise in professional development settings to assist instructors in reflecting on the learning environments they create.
CBE-Life Sciences Education: Volume 14, Issue 4
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Applied Research
- Learning Environment
Education - Basic Research
- Communication
= Language
- Sample Population
- Teacher Characteristics
= Affect
Other Sciences
- Life Sciences
- Lower Undergraduate
- High School
- Reference Material
= Research study
PER-Central Types Intended Users Ratings
- Curriculum
- Curriculum / Pedagogy Guide
- Administrators
- Researchers
- Educators
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Format:
text/html
Access Rights:
Free access
License:
This material is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license.
Rights Holder:
American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB)
DOI:
10.1187/cbe.15-03-0049
NSF Numbers:
DUE-1226361
DUE-1226344
Keywords:
classroom culture, inclusivity, motivational language, student motivation, teacher-student relationship
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created July 7, 2022 by Lauren Bauman
Record Updated:
August 5, 2022 by Caroline Hall
Last Update
when Cataloged:
November 18, 2015
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Record Link
AIP Format
S. Seidel, A. Reggi, J. Schinske, L. Burrus, and K. Tanner, , CBE Life. Sci. Educ. 14 (4), (2015), WWW Document, (https://doi.org/10.1187/cbe.15-03-0049).
AJP/PRST-PER
S. Seidel, A. Reggi, J. Schinske, L. Burrus, and K. Tanner, Beyond the Biology: A Systematic Investigation of Noncontent Instructor Talk in an Introductory Biology Course, CBE Life. Sci. Educ. 14 (4), (2015), <https://doi.org/10.1187/cbe.15-03-0049>.
APA Format
Seidel, S., Reggi, A., Schinske, J., Burrus, L., & Tanner, K. (2015, November 18). Beyond the Biology: A Systematic Investigation of Noncontent Instructor Talk in an Introductory Biology Course. CBE Life. Sci. Educ., 14(4). Retrieved August 14, 2022, from https://doi.org/10.1187/cbe.15-03-0049
Chicago Format
Seidel, S, A. Reggi, J. Schinske, L. Burrus, and K. Tanner. "Beyond the Biology: A Systematic Investigation of Noncontent Instructor Talk in an Introductory Biology Course." CBE Life. Sci. Educ. 14, no. 4, (November 18, 2015), https://doi.org/10.1187/cbe.15-03-0049 (accessed 14 August 2022).
MLA Format
Seidel, Shannon B., Amanda L. Reggi, Jeffrey N. Schinske, Laura W. Burrus, and Kimberly D. Tanner. "Beyond the Biology: A Systematic Investigation of Noncontent Instructor Talk in an Introductory Biology Course." CBE Life. Sci. Educ. 14.4 (2015). 14 Aug. 2022 <https://doi.org/10.1187/cbe.15-03-0049>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Shannon B. Seidel and Amanda L. Reggi and Jeffrey N. Schinske and Laura W. Burrus and Kimberly D. Tanner", Title = {Beyond the Biology: A Systematic Investigation of Noncontent Instructor Talk in an Introductory Biology Course}, Journal = {CBE Life. Sci. Educ.}, Volume = {14}, Number = {4}, Month = {November}, Year = {2015} }
Refer Export Format

%A Shannon B. Seidel %A Amanda L. Reggi %A Jeffrey N. Schinske %A Laura W. Burrus %A Kimberly D. Tanner %T Beyond the Biology: A Systematic Investigation of Noncontent Instructor Talk in an Introductory Biology Course %J CBE Life. Sci. Educ. %V 14 %N 4 %D November 18, 2015 %U https://doi.org/10.1187/cbe.15-03-0049 %O text/html

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article %A Seidel, Shannon B. %A Reggi, Amanda L. %A Schinske, Jeffrey N. %A Burrus, Laura W. %A Tanner, Kimberly D. %D November 18, 2015 %T Beyond the Biology: A Systematic Investigation of Noncontent Instructor Talk in an Introductory Biology Course %J CBE Life. Sci. Educ. %V 14 %N 4 %8 November 18, 2015 %U https://doi.org/10.1187/cbe.15-03-0049


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