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written by Sneha Tharayil, Maura Borrego, Michael J. Prince, Kevin A. Nguyen, Prateek Shekhar, Cynthia J. Finelli, and Cynthia Waters
Research has shown that active learning promotes student learning and increases retention rates of STEM undergraduates. Yet, instructors are reluctant to change their teaching approaches for several reasons, including a fear of student resistance to active learning. This paper addresses this issue by building on our prior work which demonstrates that certain instructor strategies can positively influence student responses to active learning. We present an analysis of interview data from 17 engineering professors across the USA about the ways they use strategies to reduce student resistance to active learning in their undergraduate engineering courses. Our data reveal that instructor strategies for reducing student resistance generally fall within two broad types: explanation and facilitation strategies. Explanation strategies consist of the following: (a) explain the purpose, (b) explain course expectations, and (c) explain activity expectations. Facilitation strategies include the following: (a) approach non-participants, (b) assume an encouraging demeanor, (c) grade on participation, (d) walk around the room, (e) invite questions, (f) develop a routine, (g) design activities for participation, and (h) use incremental steps. Four of the strategies emerged from our analysis and were previously unstudied in the context of student resistance.
International Journal of STEM Education: Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 7
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Applied Research
- Classroom Management
- Learning Environment
Education - Basic Research
- Sample Population
= Instructor: Faculty
- Teacher Characteristics
= Affect
= Pedagogical Content Knowledge
Other Sciences
- Engineering
- Lower Undergraduate
- Reference Material
= Research study
PER-Central Type Intended Users Ratings
- PER Literature
- Educators
- Administrators
- Researchers
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Access Rights:
Free access
License:
This material is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license.
Rights Holder:
BioMed Central Ltd.
DOI:
10.1186/s40594-018-0102-y
Keywords:
Active Learning, student engagement, student motivation, student participation
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created July 7, 2022 by Lauren Bauman
Record Updated:
August 10, 2022 by Caroline Hall
Last Update
when Cataloged:
March 12, 2018
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Record Link
AIP Format
S. Tharayil, M. Borrego, M. Prince, K. Nguyen, P. Shekhar, C. Finelli, and C. Waters, , Int. J. STEM Educ. 5 (1), 7 (2018), WWW Document, (https://doi.org/10.1186/s40594-018-0102-y).
AJP/PRST-PER
S. Tharayil, M. Borrego, M. Prince, K. Nguyen, P. Shekhar, C. Finelli, and C. Waters, Strategies to mitigate student resistance to active learning, Int. J. STEM Educ. 5 (1), 7 (2018), <https://doi.org/10.1186/s40594-018-0102-y>.
APA Format
Tharayil, S., Borrego, M., Prince, M., Nguyen, K., Shekhar, P., Finelli, C., & Waters, C. (2018, March 12). Strategies to mitigate student resistance to active learning. Int. J. STEM Educ., 5(1), 7. Retrieved September 25, 2022, from https://doi.org/10.1186/s40594-018-0102-y
Chicago Format
Tharayil, S, M. Borrego, M. Prince, K. Nguyen, P. Shekhar, C. Finelli, and C. Waters. "Strategies to mitigate student resistance to active learning." Int. J. STEM Educ. 5, no. 1, (March 12, 2018): 7, https://doi.org/10.1186/s40594-018-0102-y (accessed 25 September 2022).
MLA Format
Tharayil, Sneha, Maura Borrego, Michael J. Prince, Kevin A. Nguyen, Prateek Shekhar, Cynthia J. Finelli, and Cynthia Waters. "Strategies to mitigate student resistance to active learning." Int. J. STEM Educ. 5.1 (2018): 7. 25 Sep. 2022 <https://doi.org/10.1186/s40594-018-0102-y>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Sneha Tharayil and Maura Borrego and Michael J. Prince and Kevin A. Nguyen and Prateek Shekhar and Cynthia J. Finelli and Cynthia Waters", Title = {Strategies to mitigate student resistance to active learning}, Journal = {Int. J. STEM Educ.}, Volume = {5}, Number = {1}, Pages = {7}, Month = {March}, Year = {2018} }
Refer Export Format

%A Sneha Tharayil %A Maura Borrego %A Michael J. Prince %A Kevin A. Nguyen %A Prateek Shekhar %A Cynthia J. Finelli %A Cynthia Waters %T Strategies to mitigate student resistance to active learning %J Int. J. STEM Educ. %V 5 %N 1 %D March 12, 2018 %P 7 %U https://doi.org/10.1186/s40594-018-0102-y %O text/html

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article %A Tharayil, Sneha %A Borrego, Maura %A Prince, Michael J. %A Nguyen, Kevin A. %A Shekhar, Prateek %A Finelli, Cynthia J. %A Waters, Cynthia %D March 12, 2018 %T Strategies to mitigate student resistance to active learning %J Int. J. STEM Educ. %V 5 %N 1 %P 7 %8 March 12, 2018 %U https://doi.org/10.1186/s40594-018-0102-y


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