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European Journal of Engineering Education
written by Prateek Shekhar, Matt DeMonbrun, Maura Borrego, Cynthia J. Finelli, Michael J. Prince, Charles R. Henderson, and Cynthia Waters
Student resistance is often cited as a major barrier to instructors' use of active learning, but there are few research-based strategies for reducing this barrier. In this paper, we describe the first phase of our research--the development and validation of a classroom observation protocol to assess student responses to instructors' use of active learning. This protocol, which draws upon other published observation protocols, allows researchers to capture data about instructors' use of and students' responses to active learning. We also present findings from four first and second year engineering courses at two institutions that demonstrate the variety of ways engineering students resist active learning and strategies that engineering instructors have employed to reduce student resistance. Consistent with existing research, several factors were found to influence the level of student engagement, including class size, instructor involvement, and type of active learning.
European Journal of Engineering Education: Volume 31, Issue 2, Pages 597-609
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Applied Research
- Active Learning
- Classroom Management
- Learning Environment
Education - Basic Research
- Behavior
- Research Design & Methodology
= Data
= Statistics
- Sample Population
- Student Characteristics
= Affect
Other Sciences
- Engineering
- Lower Undergraduate
- Reference Material
= Research study
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- PER Literature
- Researchers
- Administrators
- Educators
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Format:
application/pdf
Access Rights:
Available by subscription
Restriction:
© 2015 Tempus Publications
ISSN Number:
0949-149X
Keywords:
reformed education, student buy-in, student resistance
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created July 7, 2022 by Lauren Bauman
Record Updated:
September 11, 2022 by Caroline Hall
Last Update
when Cataloged:
January 1, 2015
ComPADRE is beta testing Citation Styles!

Record Link
AIP Format
P. Shekhar, M. DeMonbrun, M. Borrego, C. Finelli, M. Prince, C. Henderson, and C. Waters, , Eur. J. Engr. Educ. 31 (2), 597 (2015), WWW Document, (https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.702.2980&rep=rep1&type=pdf).
AJP/PRST-PER
P. Shekhar, M. DeMonbrun, M. Borrego, C. Finelli, M. Prince, C. Henderson, and C. Waters, Development of an Observation Protocol to Study Undergraduate Engineering Student Resistance to Active Learning, Eur. J. Engr. Educ. 31 (2), 597 (2015), <https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.702.2980&rep=rep1&type=pdf>.
APA Format
Shekhar, P., DeMonbrun, M., Borrego, M., Finelli, C., Prince, M., Henderson, C., & Waters, C. (2015, January 1). Development of an Observation Protocol to Study Undergraduate Engineering Student Resistance to Active Learning. Eur. J. Engr. Educ., 31(2), 597-609. Retrieved November 26, 2022, from https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.702.2980&rep=rep1&type=pdf
Chicago Format
Shekhar, P, M. DeMonbrun, M. Borrego, C. Finelli, M. Prince, C. Henderson, and C. Waters. "Development of an Observation Protocol to Study Undergraduate Engineering Student Resistance to Active Learning." Eur. J. Engr. Educ. 31, no. 2, (January 1, 2015): 597-609, https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.702.2980&rep=rep1&type=pdf (accessed 26 November 2022).
MLA Format
Shekhar, Prateek, Matt DeMonbrun, Maura Borrego, Cynthia J. Finelli, Michael J. Prince, Charles Henderson, and Cynthia Waters. "Development of an Observation Protocol to Study Undergraduate Engineering Student Resistance to Active Learning." Eur. J. Engr. Educ. 31.2 (2015): 597-609. 26 Nov. 2022 <https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.702.2980&rep=rep1&type=pdf>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Prateek Shekhar and Matt DeMonbrun and Maura Borrego and Cynthia J. Finelli and Michael J. Prince and Charles Henderson and Cynthia Waters", Title = {Development of an Observation Protocol to Study Undergraduate Engineering Student Resistance to Active Learning}, Journal = {Eur. J. Engr. Educ.}, Volume = {31}, Number = {2}, Pages = {597-609}, Month = {January}, Year = {2015} }
Refer Export Format

%A Prateek Shekhar %A Matt DeMonbrun %A Maura Borrego %A Cynthia J. Finelli %A Michael J. Prince %A Charles Henderson %A Cynthia Waters %T Development of an Observation Protocol to Study Undergraduate Engineering Student Resistance to Active Learning %J Eur. J. Engr. Educ. %V 31 %N 2 %D January 1, 2015 %P 597-609 %U https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.702.2980&rep=rep1&type=pdf %O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article %A Shekhar, Prateek %A DeMonbrun, Matt %A Borrego, Maura %A Finelli, Cynthia J. %A Prince, Michael J. %A Henderson, Charles %A Waters, Cynthia %D January 1, 2015 %T Development of an Observation Protocol to Study Undergraduate Engineering Student Resistance to Active Learning %J Eur. J. Engr. Educ. %V 31 %N 2 %P 597-609 %8 January 1, 2015 %@ 0949-149X %U https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.702.2980&rep=rep1&type=pdf


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The AIP Style presented is based on information from the AIP Style Manual.

The AJP/PRST-PER presented is based on the AIP Style with the addition of journal article titles and conference proceeding article titles.

The APA Style presented is based on information from APA Style.org: Electronic References.

The Chicago Style presented is based on information from Examples of Chicago-Style Documentation.

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