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Investigating the role of student preparation on cooperative grouping in an active learning classroom
written by Eric Burkholder and R. Smith Strain
Instructors new to active learning classrooms frequently ask how they should best structure groups in the classroom to ensure optimum learning. Groups within classrooms are complex social systems with many variables, so unfortunately there is no easy answer. Existing group-formation algorithms do not specify how groups should be structured; they only provide a way for instructors to specify their own algorithm based on factors like GPA or Gender. There are many dimensions of student thinking, motivation, and experience that may be relevant, but here we focus on one measurement that is relatively easy to measure: prior preparation. There have been some studies investigating the role of preparation in cooperative grouping, but each study seems to come to a different conclusion. Here we provide some evidence as to why that might be the case by investigating outcomes based on different measures of preparation and investigating the effects of cooperative grouping for different groups of students. We find that groups that are heterogeneous with respect to physics preparation tend to perform better. Additionally, we find that this effect is particularly pronounced for women and underrepresented students, but not for white men. This would seem to suggest that a reason for disagreements in the literature could be sensitive to how preparation is measured as well as the demographics of the study population.
Physics Education Research Conference 2022
Part of the PER Conference series
Grand Rapids, MI: July 13-14, 2022
Pages 76-81
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Applied Research
- Active Learning
= Cooperative Learning
- Pedagogy
= Instructional Issues
Education - Basic Research
- Behavior
= Social Interaction
- Student Characteristics
- Lower Undergraduate
- Reference Material
= Research study
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Format:
application/pdf
Mirror:
https://doi.org/10.1119/perc.2022…
Access Rights:
Free access
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This material is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the published article's author(s), title, proceedings citation, and DOI.
Rights Holder:
American Association of Physics Teachers
DOI:
10.1119/perc.2022.pr.Burkholder
Keyword:
PERC 2022
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created September 7, 2022 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
September 14, 2022 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
September 15, 2022
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AIP Format
E. Burkholder and R. Strain, , presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2022, Grand Rapids, MI, 2022, WWW Document, (https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=16212&DocID=5581).
AJP/PRST-PER
E. Burkholder and R. Strain, Investigating the role of student preparation on cooperative grouping in an active learning classroom, presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2022, Grand Rapids, MI, 2022, <https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=16212&DocID=5581>.
APA Format
Burkholder, E., & Strain, R. (2022, July 13-14). Investigating the role of student preparation on cooperative grouping in an active learning classroom. Paper presented at Physics Education Research Conference 2022, Grand Rapids, MI. Retrieved November 27, 2022, from https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=16212&DocID=5581
Chicago Format
Burkholder, Eric, and R. Smith Strain. "Investigating the role of student preparation on cooperative grouping in an active learning classroom." Paper presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2022, Grand Rapids, MI, July 13-14, 2022. https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=16212&DocID=5581 (accessed 27 November 2022).
MLA Format
Burkholder, Eric, and R. Smith Strain. "Investigating the role of student preparation on cooperative grouping in an active learning classroom." Physics Education Research Conference 2022. Grand Rapids, MI: 2022. 76-81 of PER Conference. 27 Nov. 2022 <https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=16212&DocID=5581>.
BibTeX Export Format
@inproceedings{ Author = "Eric Burkholder and R. Smith Strain", Title = {Investigating the role of student preparation on cooperative grouping in an active learning classroom}, BookTitle = {Physics Education Research Conference 2022}, Pages = {76-81}, Address = {Grand Rapids, MI}, Series = {PER Conference}, Month = {July 13-14}, Year = {2022} }
Refer Export Format

%A Eric Burkholder %A R. Smith Strain %T Investigating the role of student preparation on cooperative grouping in an active learning classroom %S PER Conference %D July 13-14 2022 %P 76-81 %C Grand Rapids, MI %U https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=16212&DocID=5581 %O Physics Education Research Conference 2022 %O July 13-14 %O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Conference Proceedings %A Burkholder, Eric %A Strain, R. Smith %D July 13-14 2022 %T Investigating the role of student preparation on cooperative grouping in an active learning classroom %B Physics Education Research Conference 2022 %C Grand Rapids, MI %P 76-81 %S PER Conference %8 July 13-14 %U https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=16212&DocID=5581


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