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Equity and off-task discussion in a collaborative small group
written by Paul Hutchison
Participation in sensemaking discourse is widely seen as important to students' learning in physics classes. Many physics curricula and pedagogical strategies use collaborative small group activities to create opportunities for students to engage in authentic collaborative sensemaking discourse, but we also know collaborative small groups sometimes function inequitably. Access to discourse in them is co-constructed by group members and impacted by both the histories of individual members and the cultural attitudes and expectations they bring. As a result, some students can be marginalized and excluded from fair access to valuable participation in discourse. This study focuses on one student in a previously studied small group known to frequently function inequitably. The focus student, "Jessica", was an infrequent participant and arguably a low-influence member of the group. Because she was usually denied fair access to participation in the on-task sensemaking discourse, Jessica is a type of student our research community needs to focus on as we work to better understand the dynamics of collaborative small groups. By analyzing video data of this group, this study aimed to understand how Jessica negotiated her, albeit infrequent, episodes of participation in on-task discussion. Using positioning theory as the primary analytic framework, the analysis illustrates how Jessica negotiated on-task participation opportunities by establishing access to the conversational floor and/or positioning herself with authority in off-task discourse and leveraging that to negotiate access to the group's on-task discourse.
Physics Education Research Conference 2022
Part of the PER Conference series
Grand Rapids, MI: July 13-14, 2022
Pages 243-248
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Applied Research
- Active Learning
= Cooperative Learning
Education - Basic Research
- Behavior
= Social Interaction
- Communication
= Speaking
- Student Characteristics
= Skills
- Lower Undergraduate
- Reference Material
= Research study
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Format:
application/pdf
Mirror:
https://doi.org/10.1119/perc.2022…
Access Rights:
Free access
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This material is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the published article's author(s), title, proceedings citation, and DOI.
Rights Holder:
American Association of Physics Teachers
DOI:
10.1119/perc.2022.pr.Hutchison
Keyword:
PERC 2022
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created September 7, 2022 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
September 14, 2022 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
September 15, 2022
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Record Link
AIP Format
P. Hutchison, , presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2022, Grand Rapids, MI, 2022, WWW Document, (https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=16240&DocID=5609).
AJP/PRST-PER
P. Hutchison, Equity and off-task discussion in a collaborative small group, presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2022, Grand Rapids, MI, 2022, <https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=16240&DocID=5609>.
APA Format
Hutchison, P. (2022, July 13-14). Equity and off-task discussion in a collaborative small group. Paper presented at Physics Education Research Conference 2022, Grand Rapids, MI. Retrieved April 17, 2024, from https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=16240&DocID=5609
Chicago Format
Hutchison, Paul. "Equity and off-task discussion in a collaborative small group." Paper presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2022, Grand Rapids, MI, July 13-14, 2022. https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=16240&DocID=5609 (accessed 17 April 2024).
MLA Format
Hutchison, Paul. "Equity and off-task discussion in a collaborative small group." Physics Education Research Conference 2022. Grand Rapids, MI: 2022. 243-248 of PER Conference. 17 Apr. 2024 <https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=16240&DocID=5609>.
BibTeX Export Format
@inproceedings{ Author = "Paul Hutchison", Title = {Equity and off-task discussion in a collaborative small group}, BookTitle = {Physics Education Research Conference 2022}, Pages = {243-248}, Address = {Grand Rapids, MI}, Series = {PER Conference}, Month = {July 13-14}, Year = {2022} }
Refer Export Format

%A Paul Hutchison %T Equity and off-task discussion in a collaborative small group %S PER Conference %D July 13-14 2022 %P 243-248 %C Grand Rapids, MI %U https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=16240&DocID=5609 %O Physics Education Research Conference 2022 %O July 13-14 %O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Conference Proceedings %A Hutchison, Paul %D July 13-14 2022 %T Equity and off-task discussion in a collaborative small group %B Physics Education Research Conference 2022 %C Grand Rapids, MI %P 243-248 %S PER Conference %8 July 13-14 %U https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=16240&DocID=5609


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