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written by Marlene Schommer-Aikins
Two questions were addressed: "What are students' beliefs about the nature of knowledge?" and "How do these beliefs affect comprehension?" In Experiment 1, an epistemological questionnaire was administered to undergraduates. Factor analysis of the questionnaire resulted in 4 factors reflecting degrees of belief in innate ability, simple knowledge, quick learning, and certain knowledge. In Experiment 2, students read a passage about either the social sciences or the physical sciences, in which the concluding paragraph was removed. Then they related their confidence in understanding the passage, wrote a conclusion, and completed a mastery test. Belief in quick learning predicted oversimplified conclusions, poor performance on the mastery test, and overconfidence in test performance. Belief in certain knowledge predicted inappropriately absolute conclusions.
Journal of Educational Psychology: Volume 82, Issue 3, Pages 498-504
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© 1990 American Psychological Association
DOI:
10.1037/0022-0663.82.3.498
Keywords:
educational psychology, epistemology, nature of science
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created September 10, 2022 by Adrian Madsen
Record Updated:
December 15, 2022 by Caroline Hall
Last Update
when Cataloged:
January 1, 1990
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AIP Format
M. Schommer-Aikins, , J. Educ. Psychol. 82 (3), 498 (1990), WWW Document, (https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.82.3.498).
AJP/PRST-PER
M. Schommer-Aikins, Effects of beliefs about the nature of knowledge on comprehension, J. Educ. Psychol. 82 (3), 498 (1990), <https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.82.3.498>.
APA Format
Schommer-Aikins, M. (1990, January 1). Effects of beliefs about the nature of knowledge on comprehension. J. Educ. Psychol., 82(3), 498-504. Retrieved April 15, 2024, from https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.82.3.498
Chicago Format
Schommer-Aikins, Marlene. "Effects of beliefs about the nature of knowledge on comprehension." J. Educ. Psychol. 82, no. 3, (January 1, 1990): 498-504, https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.82.3.498 (accessed 15 April 2024).
MLA Format
Schommer-Aikins, Marlene. "Effects of beliefs about the nature of knowledge on comprehension." J. Educ. Psychol. 82.3 (1990): 498-504. 15 Apr. 2024 <https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.82.3.498>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Marlene Schommer-Aikins", Title = {Effects of beliefs about the nature of knowledge on comprehension}, Journal = {J. Educ. Psychol.}, Volume = {82}, Number = {3}, Pages = {498-504}, Month = {January}, Year = {1990} }
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%A Marlene Schommer-Aikins %T Effects of beliefs about the nature of knowledge on comprehension %J J. Educ. Psychol. %V 82 %N 3 %D January 1, 1990 %P 498-504 %U https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.82.3.498 %O text/html

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%0 Journal Article %A Schommer-Aikins, Marlene %D January 1, 1990 %T Effects of beliefs about the nature of knowledge on comprehension %J J. Educ. Psychol. %V 82 %N 3 %P 498-504 %8 January 1, 1990 %U https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.82.3.498


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