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Psychological Science
written by Mary C. Murphy, Claude M. Steele, and James J. Gross
This study examined the cues hypothesis, which holds that situational cues, such as a setting's features and organization, can make potential targets vulnerable to social identity threat. Objective and subjective measures of identity threat were collected from male and female math, science, and engineering (MSE) majors who watched an MSE conference video depicting either an unbalanced ratio of men to women or a balanced ratio. Women who viewed the unbalanced video exhibited more cognitive and physiological vigilance, and reported a lower sense of belonging and less desire to participate in the conference, than did women who viewed the gender-balanced video. Men were unaffected by this situational cue. The implications for understanding vulnerability to social identity threat, particularly among women in MSE settings, are discussed.

Editor's Note: Social identity threat is defined as a phenomenon experienced when an individual or individuals believe that they may be treated negatively or devalued in a setting simply because of a particular social identity they hold.
Psychological Science: Volume 18, Issue 10, Pages 879-885
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Basic Research
- Behavior
- Communication
- Sample Population
= Gender
- Societal Issues
= Gender Issues
- Student Characteristics
= Affect
General Physics
- General
Other Sciences
- Engineering
- Mathematics
- Upper Undergraduate
- High School
- Lower Undergraduate
- Reference Material
= Research study
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text/html
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© 2007 Sage Publishing
DOI:
10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.01995.x
ISSN Number:
0956-7976
Keywords:
belongingness, gender imbalance, inclusivity, science identity, social identity
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created October 11, 2022 by Lauren Bauman
Record Updated:
December 21, 2022 by Sam McKagan
Last Update
when Cataloged:
September 24, 2007
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Record Link
AIP Format
M. Murphy, C. Steele, and J. Gross, , Psychol. Sci. 18 (10), 879 (2007), WWW Document, (https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.01995.x).
AJP/PRST-PER
M. Murphy, C. Steele, and J. Gross, Signaling Threat: How Situational Cues Affect Women in Math, Science, and Engineering Settings, Psychol. Sci. 18 (10), 879 (2007), <https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.01995.x>.
APA Format
Murphy, M., Steele, C., & Gross, J. (2007, September 24). Signaling Threat: How Situational Cues Affect Women in Math, Science, and Engineering Settings. Psychol. Sci., 18(10), 879-885. Retrieved January 26, 2023, from https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.01995.x
Chicago Format
Murphy, M, C. Steele, and J. Gross. "Signaling Threat: How Situational Cues Affect Women in Math, Science, and Engineering Settings." Psychol. Sci. 18, no. 10, (September 24, 2007): 879-885, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.01995.x (accessed 26 January 2023).
MLA Format
Murphy, Mary C., Claude M. Steele, and James J. Gross. "Signaling Threat: How Situational Cues Affect Women in Math, Science, and Engineering Settings." Psychol. Sci. 18.10 (2007): 879-885. 26 Jan. 2023 <https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.01995.x>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Mary C. Murphy and Claude M. Steele and James J. Gross", Title = {Signaling Threat: How Situational Cues Affect Women in Math, Science, and Engineering Settings}, Journal = {Psychol. Sci.}, Volume = {18}, Number = {10}, Pages = {879-885}, Month = {September}, Year = {2007} }
Refer Export Format

%A Mary C. Murphy %A Claude M. Steele %A James J. Gross %T Signaling Threat: How Situational Cues Affect Women in Math, Science, and Engineering Settings %J Psychol. Sci. %V 18 %N 10 %D September 24, 2007 %P 879-885 %U https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.01995.x %O text/html

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article %A Murphy, Mary C. %A Steele, Claude M. %A Gross, James J. %D September 24, 2007 %T Signaling Threat: How Situational Cues Affect Women in Math, Science, and Engineering Settings %J Psychol. Sci. %V 18 %N 10 %P 879-885 %8 September 24, 2007 %@ 0956-7976 %U https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.01995.x


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