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Abstract Title: Understanding the Neural Correlates of Problem-Solving Across Multiple Cognitive Domains
Abstract: Complex reasoning and problem-solving are integral cognitive constructs relevant to understanding how students acquire critical thinking skills in physics. Functional magnetic resonance imaging may offer neurobiological insight into how these critical thinking skills are acquired. Prior work studying the neural correlates of problem-solving has focused within specific cognitive domains, e.g. mathematical calculation, verbal problem-solving, or visuospatial reasoning [1,2]. However, research identifying neural networks engaged during physics problem-solving is limited. We use the BrainMap database [3] to perform a series of neuroimaging meta-analyses across multiple distinct cognitive domains likely involved in physics problem-solving. Common activation patterns are observed in the bilateral insula, mid and superior frontal gyrus, and parietal cortices, suggesting that reasoning across domains is supported by a superordinate problem-solving network
[1] S.D Newman et al, Brain Research 1410, 77-88 (2011). [2] V. Prabhakaran et al, Cog Psych 33, 43-63 (1997). [3] A.R. Laird et al, Neuroinformatics 3, 65-78 (2005).
Abstract Type: Contributed Poster Presentation

Author/Organizer Information

Primary Contact: Jessica E Bartley
Florida International University
11200 SW 8th St
Miami, FL 33199
Phone: (303)941-1053
and Co-Presenter(s)
Jessica E Bartley [1], Kimberly L Ray [2], Michael C Riedel [2], Eric Brewe [1], Angela R Laird [1]

[1] Florida International University, Miami, FL
[2] Research Imaging Institute, University of Texas Health Science Center San Antonio, San Antonio, TX