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Abstract Title: Modified color frames for analyzing group interactions during an online quantum tutorial
Abstract Type: Contributed Poster Presentation
Abstract: In this paper, we analyze video recordings of students working on tutorials in Zoom breakout rooms in an upper-division quantum mechanics course. We investigate group behaviors in this virtual environment, including the effects of instructor presence.
To this end, we modify the Color Frames coding scheme introduced by Scherr to suit the virtual nature of the interactions. By broadening the frames and allowing for multiple overlapping frames, we are able to describe some group behaviors not otherwise captured.  For example, in some instances, students take on an authoritative role in the group, and in other instances, groups engage in overtly casual behavior while nonetheless having on-topic discussions.  We observe significant variation in how much time each group spends in each frame, but find that all groups spend some time in all frames.  Instructors can be present without dominating or eliminating discussion between students, and their presence need not significantly impact the time students spent in an ``informal/friendly'' frame. However, instructor presence significantly reduces time spent working individually.  
Our findings will support additional research into the dynamics of student discussions during tutorials and aid ongoing development of online tutorials that can, e.g., be assigned for use outside of class.
Session Time: Poster Session 1
Poster Number: I-39
Contributed Paper Record: Contributed Paper Information
Contributed Paper Download: Download Contributed Paper

Author/Organizer Information

Primary Contact: Bianca Cervantes
California State University, Fullerton
and Co-Presenter(s)
Dr. Gina Passante (she/her), California State University, Fullerton
Giaco Corsiglia (he/him), University of Colorado, Boulder
Dr. Steven Pollock (he/him), University of Colorado, Boulder

Contributed Poster

Contributed Poster: Download the Contributed Poster